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1. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 32 > Issue: 1/2
Kalevi Kull, Torsten Rüting From the editors of this volume
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2. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 32 > Issue: 1/2
John Deely Semiotics and Jakob von Uexküll’s concept of umwelt
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Semiotics, the body of knowledge developed by study of the action of signs, like every living discipline, depends upon a community of inquirers united through the recognition and adoption of basic principles which establish the ground-concepts and guide-concepts for their ongoing research. These principles, in turn, come to be recognized in the first place through the work of pioneers in the field, workers commonly unrecognized or not fully recognized in their own day, but whose work later becomes foundational as the community of inquirers matures and ‘lays claim to its own’. As semiotics has matured, the work of Jakob von Uexküll in establishing the concept of Umwelt has proven to be just such a pioneering accomplishment for the doctrine of signs, and in this paper I trace out some of the lines of development according to which Uexküll’s concept came to occupy its central place in semiotics today.
3. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 32 > Issue: 1/2
John Deely Semiootika ja Jakob von Uexkülli omailma mõiste. Kokkuvõte
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4. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 32 > Issue: 1/2
John Deely Семиотика и понятие умвельта Якоба фон Юкскюлла. Резюме
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5. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 32 > Issue: 1/2
Torsten Rüting History and significance of Jakob von Uexküll and of his institute in Hamburg
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This paper aims to give an insight into developments that contributed to the significance of the work of Jakob von Uexküll and stresses the importance of his occupation in Hamburg. A biographical survey pays tribute to the implication of the historical pretext and context. A scientific survey describes findings and ideas of Uexküll that proved important for the development of biology and the cognitive sciences. In addition, this paper sets out to reject the common notion that Uexküll’s concepts were ideas of a purely theoretical and philosophical character. It confirms that in fact the central aims of his work were to sustain the empirical method in biology and to give biology a sound epistemological basis. Some examples show how historical and theoretical developments converged at Uexküll’s Institut für Umweltforschung in Hamburg and ignited a productive research activity.
6. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 32 > Issue: 1/2
Torsten Rüting Jakob von Uexküll ja ta instituut Hamburgis: Ajalugu ja tähtsus. Kokkuvõte
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7. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 32 > Issue: 1/2
Torsten Rüting Якоб фон Юкскюлл и его институт в Гамбурге: история и значение. Резюме
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8. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 32 > Issue: 1/2
Jesper Hoffmeyer Uexküllian Planmässigkeit
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In strict opposition to the prevailing positivist conception of nature as senseless and deprived of meaning Jakob von Uexküll claimed that a certain planmässigkeit was operative in nature. This idea however might be taken to mean that organic evolution is not itself a creative process but a gradual, if majestic, unfolding of Nature's own master plan. Such an idea would threaten to restore determinism in the center of biological theory, and this would seriously contradict the vision of biosemiotics shared by most of its proponents. It lies at the heart of biosemiotics and of Peircean cosmological philosophy that indeterminacy is primary, that “habit taking” or interpretation are real processes in the world, and therefore that belief in the law of necessity is unfounded. It is suggested that Uexküllian planmässigkeit is in fact reconcilable with a modern non-deterministic understanding. In a certain sense the Umwelten of animals have indeed developed in accordance to a natural planmässigkeit, but this is a plan that incessantly traps life in certain strategic choices and in the same time diversifies the dimensionality of options for dealing with these choices, i. e. “the adjacent possible” in the terms of Stuart Kauffman.
9. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 32 > Issue: 1/2
Jesper Hoffmeyer «Плановость» Юкскюлла. Резюме
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10. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 32 > Issue: 1/2
Jesper Hoffmeyer Uexkülli ‘plaanipärasus’. Kokkuvõte
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