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Displaying: 1-10 of 44 documents


1. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 39 > Issue: 2/4
Kalevi Kull, Kati Lindström, Mihhail Lotman, Timo Maran, Silvi Salupere Editors’ comment
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ecosemiotics
2. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 39 > Issue: 2/4
Kati Lindström, Kalevi Kull, Hannes Palang Semiotic study of landscapes: An overview from semiology to ecosemiotics
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The article provides an overview of different approaches to the semiotic study of landscapes both in the field of semiotics proper and in landscape studiesin general. The article describes different approaches to the semiotic processes in landscapes from the semiological tradition where landscape has been seen as analogous to a text with its language, to more naturalized and phenomenological approaches, as well as ecosemiotic view of landscapes that goes beyond anthropocentric definitions. Special attention is paid to the potential of cultural semiotics of Tartu–Moscow school for the analysis of landscapes and the possibilities held by a dynamic, dialogic and holistic landscape definition for the development of ecosemiotics.
3. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 39 > Issue: 2/4
Kati Lindström, Kalevi Kull, Hannes Palang Семиотическое изучение ландшафтов: от семиологии к экосемиотике. Резюме
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4. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 39 > Issue: 2/4
Kati Lindström, Kalevi Kull, Hannes Palang Maastike semiootiline uurimine: ulevaade semioloogiast okosemiootikani. Kokkuvõte
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5. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 39 > Issue: 2/4
Riin Magnus Time-plans of the organisms: Jakob von Uexkull’s explorations into the temporal constitution of living beings
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The term “time-plan” is introduced in the article to sum up the diversity of temporal processes described by Jakob von Uexküll (1864–1944) in the frameworkof the general Planmässigkeit of nature. Although Uexküll hardly had any connections with his contemporary philosophies of time, the theme of the subjectivetimes and timing of the organisms forms an essential part of his umwelt theory. As an alternative to the dominance of evolutionary time in biological discussions, Uexküll took perceptual and developmental times of organisms as his natural scientific priorities. While discussing the characteristics of the latter, Uexküll departs from an epigenetic position. Discussion about perceptual time entails detecting the primary units of time (moments) as well as how the succession of moments results in the perception of movement. The last part of the article will explicate the significance of the “time plan” concept for biophilosophical discussions. It is suggested that the bioethical question rising from Uexküll’s works may take the following form: do other biological subjects besides humans have a right to their own timing?
6. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 39 > Issue: 2/4
Riin Magnus Временные планы организмов: путешествия Якоба фон Юкскюля в темпоральность живых существ. Резюме
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7. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 39 > Issue: 2/4
Riin Magnus Organismide ajaplaanid: Jakob von Uexkülli retked elusolendite ajalisusse. Kokkuvõte
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sociosemiotics
8. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 39 > Issue: 2/4
Andreas Ventsel Hegemonic signification from cultural semiotics point of view
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This paper attempts to integrate discourse theories, mainly the theory of hegemony by Essex School, and Tartu–Moscow School’s cultural semiotics, andsets for itself the modest task to point to the applicability of semiotic approach in political analysis. The so-called post-foundationalist view, that is common for discourse theories, is primarily characterized by the rejection of essentialist notions of ground for the social, and the inauguration of cultural and discursive characteristics (such as asymmetry and entropy; explosion; antagonism; insurmountable tension between organization and disorganization, regularity and irregularity, etc.) into the wider social scientific paradigm. Customarily, those characteristics have been attributed to contingent or peripheral events and phenomena that by nature do not belong to the social structure proper. Grounds for such ‘groundless’ contingencies are found in philosophy (Marchart), or for instance from the psychoanalytic notion of affect (Laclau). Many discourse theorists proceed here from Derrida’s position that in the process of signification there is an overabundance of meaning which renders final closure impossible (Howarth; Glynos). However, it seems that despite placing communication at the heart of their conceptions of discourse, the communicative character of constructing power relations remains undertheorized in those conceptions. This article attempts to approach the above mentioned problem by way of the concepts of communication and autocommunication (Lotman). The outcomes stemming from the latter are unavoidable, since the result of any possible research (text) itself belongs to culture or a larger discourse and opera tes as the organizing function of the latter. Hence, research practice and its results always need to be looked at as mutually affecting each other.
9. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 39 > Issue: 2/4
Andreas Ventsel Гегемоническое означивание с точки зрения семиотики культуры. Резюме
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10. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 39 > Issue: 2/4
Andreas Ventsel Hegemooniline tahistamine kultuurisemiootika perspektiivist. Kokkuvõte
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