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1. Philosophy in the Contemporary World: Volume > 1 > Issue: 1
Egbeke Aja Time and Space in African (Igbo) Thought
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This paper is an attempt to articulate an African (Igbo) conception of space and time. Igbo terms and phrases are explained in light of their traditional, non-European cultural and linguistic background. Care is taken to present a distinctively African account, not a neo-colonial one. The African conceptions of space and time account for some African beliefs and practices regarding causality, including such widely misunderstood phenomena as divination, the “medicine man,” and “magic.”
2. Philosophy in the Contemporary World: Volume > 1 > Issue: 1
Charles W. Harvey Paradise Well Lost: Communitarian Nostalgia and the Lonely Logic of the Liberal Self
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“Paradise Well Lost” offers a description and criticism of communitarian claims that in contemporary liberal society the self is in sad shape, that liberal society is out of harmony with the needs of the self, and that such a society makes the good life nearly impossible to achieve. It is argued that communitarian thought is driven by a false and deluded nostalgia for a self-world unity that never was andnever can be, that human consciousness prohibits the neatly unified communialization of self and world that seems desired by much communitarian thinking. A final argument claims that there are nontrivial connections between the communitarian desire for self-world unity, and the twentieth-century emergence of totalitarian society--connections about which it is wise to be worried.
3. Philosophy in the Contemporary World: Volume > 1 > Issue: 1
Kenneth W. Kemp Right Intention and the Oil Factor in the Second Gulf War
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This essay responds to the argument that US interest in Kuwaiti oil made its war against Iraq fail the just-war criterion of right intention. That argument is based on a misunderstanding of the criterion, namely, that right intention requires not merely the presence of a concern for justice but the absence of any other (especially self-interested) motives. Correction of this misunderstanding is important to application of the just-war theory to the general question of intervention in foreign wars.
4. Philosophy in the Contemporary World: Volume > 1 > Issue: 1
Lee F. Kerckhove Moral Fanaticism and the Holocaust: A Defense of Kant Against Silber
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I defend Kant’s moral psychology against John R. Silber’s argument that Kant cannot account for the radical evil of Hitler. Silber’s argument cannot be maintained, I argue, if Kant’s account of theological and moral fanaticism, and the personality of the moral fanatic, are taken into account. I contend that Kant’s writings support an analogy between the fanatical pursuit of religious and moral ideals and Hitler’s fanatical pursuit of an ideal of racial purity. I conclude that Kant’s account of moral fanaticism is adequate to account for the actions and moral psychology of Hitler.
5. Philosophy in the Contemporary World: Volume > 1 > Issue: 1
Ric Caric Northrup Identity, Social Relations, and Time: The Implications of Mead for Democratic Social Theory
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This essay analyzes the nature of social relations when individual identity is conceived as both autonomous and socially constructed. Viewing identity as autonomous and socially constructed makes it necessary both to conceive individuals as socially related to others in the present and past, and to incorporate individuals into multiple systems of social relations. I argue that George Herbert Mead’s theory of social systems provides a basis for performing these tasks. By adding a concept of “contemporaneous consciousness” to Mead’s notion of temporal systems, it is possible to view individuals as autonomous within a multiplicity of temporal systems.
6. Philosophy in the Contemporary World: Volume > 1 > Issue: 1
Saranindranath Tagore Death and Pictures in Wittgenstein’s Tractatus
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The Picture Theory based on a realist ontology is central to the argument of the Tractatus. Wittgenstein, however, makes idealist claims while discussing the notion of the metaphysical subject. In this paper, I develop an interpretation of this text in which realism and idealism are reconciled. The task is accomplished by focusing on the later remarks of the Tractatus in general and the remarks on death in particular.
7. Philosophy in the Contemporary World: Volume > 1 > Issue: 1
Constitution and By-Laws
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