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Journal of Philosophical Research

Volume 30, Issue Supplement, 2005
Ethical Issues for the Twenty-First Century

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  • Issue: Supplement

Displaying: 1-20 of 32 documents


articles
1. Journal of Philosophical Research: Volume > 30 > Issue: Supplement
Frederick Adams Preface
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biotechnology
2. Journal of Philosophical Research: Volume > 30 > Issue: Supplement
Nick Bostrom Transhumanist Values
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3. Journal of Philosophical Research: Volume > 30 > Issue: Supplement
Michael Boylan The Ethical Limits of Science
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4. Journal of Philosophical Research: Volume > 30 > Issue: Supplement
John Alan Cohan Ethics of Genetic Enhancement of Aptitudes and Personality Traits
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5. Journal of Philosophical Research: Volume > 30 > Issue: Supplement
Paul T. Durbin Ethics and New Technologies
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6. Journal of Philosophical Research: Volume > 30 > Issue: Supplement
Martin Harvey Against “Genetic Dis-Enhancement”: An Argument for a Substantive Restriction on the Right to Reproductive Autonomy
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7. Journal of Philosophical Research: Volume > 30 > Issue: Supplement
David M. Kaplan What's Wrong With Genetically Modified Food?
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8. Journal of Philosophical Research: Volume > 30 > Issue: Supplement
Adam D. Moore Privacy, Liberty, Property, and the Genetic Modification of Humans
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9. Journal of Philosophical Research: Volume > 30 > Issue: Supplement
Mark Neunder Can Genetic Enhancement be Obligatory? Four Arguments
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10. Journal of Philosophical Research: Volume > 30 > Issue: Supplement
Melinda A. Roberts Supernumerary Pregnancies, the Harm Issue and the Limits of Constitutional Privacy
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11. Journal of Philosophical Research: Volume > 30 > Issue: Supplement
Sandra Shapshay The Human Being in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction: An Argument Against Human Cloning
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12. Journal of Philosophical Research: Volume > 30 > Issue: Supplement
Adrian M. Viens Justice, Liberal Neutrality, and the New Genetics
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corporations and the workplace
13. Journal of Philosophical Research: Volume > 30 > Issue: Supplement
Robin O. Andreasen Institutional Sexism
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What is sexism? What are its underlying causes? What makes it morally wrong? Can whole institutions, practices and policies, contribute to the unjust distribution of benefi ts and burdens? Or does sexism, when it exists, occur on an individual basis? This article analyzes the notion of institutional sexism for its conceptual, causal, and moral character. The author compares the notions that institutional sexism largely pertains to the oppression of women to those which say that it pertains broadly to any unjust treatment on the basis of sex. She examines the historical and cultural sources of sexism. When it exists, do the sources of sexism rest with attitudes of individuals or the very structure of institutions themselves? She shows why individual attitudes themselves are often not the sole sources of sexism, where it exists. Institutional structure can equally contribute to its existence.
14. Journal of Philosophical Research: Volume > 30 > Issue: Supplement
Denis G. Arnold, Norman E. Bowie Sweatshops and Respect for Persons
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Most shoppers like bargains. Do bargains come at the expense of workers in sweatshops around the world? The authors argue that many large multinational corporations are running the moral equivalents of sweatshops and are not properly respecting the rights of persons. They list a set of minimum standards of safety and decency that they claim all corporations should meet (and that many are not). Finally, they defend their call for improved working conditions by replying to objections that meeting improved conditions will cause greater harm than good, even to the workers themselves. They consider many specifi c corporations and name names and point the finger at various forms of disrespect for persons, along the way.
15. Journal of Philosophical Research: Volume > 30 > Issue: Supplement
Nicholas Crosson Corporations, Democratic Legitimacy, and Republicanism
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Are the current practices of large corporations incompatible with democratic political ideology? Are multinational corporations too powerful to be constrained by democracy in practice? This paper makes a strong case that the answers may be “yes.” For example, large local corporations can constrain the democratic process in small towns on matters such as tax exemption, by threatening to leave the area. also large multinational companies can apply force to national congressional votes on product safety reform by threatening to move home offi ces to other countries (taking their products and tax dollars with them). The author argues that in many cases democracy is not functioning properly due to the power of corporations to constrain the ability of citizens to freely enact laws.
ethical foundations
16. Journal of Philosophical Research: Volume > 30 > Issue: Supplement
John Mizzoni Darwinian Ethics and Moral Realism
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17. Journal of Philosophical Research: Volume > 30 > Issue: Supplement
Nathan Nobis Feminist Ethics without Feminist Ethical Theory (Or, More Generally, “φ Ethics without φ Ethical Theory”)
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18. Journal of Philosophical Research: Volume > 30 > Issue: Supplement
Bonnie Talbert What an Evolutionary Account of Ethics Fails to Explain
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globalization and health
19. Journal of Philosophical Research: Volume > 30 > Issue: Supplement
Janet Borgerson Preparing Ethics for the Future: Addressing the “Global Basic Structure” in the Ethics of International Biomedical Research Involving Human Subjects
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20. Journal of Philosophical Research: Volume > 30 > Issue: Supplement
Steven Lee Globalization and Secession
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