Cover of Journal of Catholic Social Thought
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Displaying: 1-10 of 10 documents

1. Journal of Catholic Social Thought: Volume > 18 > Issue: 1
Barbara E. Wall Introduction
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reading the signs of the times
2. Journal of Catholic Social Thought: Volume > 18 > Issue: 1
Drew Christiansen, SJ Fratelli tutti and the Responsibility to Protect
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Fratelli tutti expresses skepticism about the ability of the just-war tradition to provide guidance on the state use of force. It is dismissive of a whole range of rationales for going to war. In rejecting humanitarian “excuses,” Pope Francis puts to question the Church’s support even for armed enforcement of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P). In place of abstract moral reasoning, Francis invites contemplation of the suffering of the victims of war. He expands the horizon of analysis from particular acts to consideration of the cascading consequences of war. He invites the military to color their warrior ethic with the kindness of Christ. In practice, his teaching implies increased attention to the ius postbellum and “the responsibility to rebuild” after armed conflict.
3. Journal of Catholic Social Thought: Volume > 18 > Issue: 1
Andrew Beauchamp, Jason A. Heron Immigration, Reciprocity, and the Modern Economic Tradition
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Contemporary economists are silent regarding economic rights because modern economic theory does not adequately account for reciprocity and risk in human relationships. The immigration question in the US serves as our test case for both the reality of reciprocity and risk in the realm of economic rights, and the need for economic analysis that more honestly contends with this reality. We examine reciprocity and risk in immigration through an economic lens and then complement that examination with resources from the Catholic social teaching tradition. We show how Catholic social teaching can enhance economic analysis of immigration and other social phenomena by helping economics make sense of reciprocity and risk in economic relations.
4. Journal of Catholic Social Thought: Volume > 18 > Issue: 1
Miguel Cerón Becerra, SJ Health Care in US Detention Centers: Ethical Analysis from the Preferential Option for the Poor
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The US has built the most extensive immigration detention system globally. Over the last three administrations, several organizations have noted a systemic failure in the provision of health care in detention centers, leading to the torture and death of immigrants. This essay develops the principle of the preferential option for the poor to examine the causes of deficient access to health care and solutions to overcome them. It analyzes the substandard health care in detention centers from the notion of structural violence and systematizes solutions of grassroots immigrant organizations from the idea of solidarity, understood here as a form of friendship with the poor that moves toward relational justice. Its goal is to build bridges between people so that the political will is generated to create policies to improve and enforce health care standards in detention centers and address the unjust foundations of immigration detention.
5. Journal of Catholic Social Thought: Volume > 18 > Issue: 1
Christopher Rice The Green New Deal, Subsidiarity, and Local Action
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A common criticism of the Green New Deal proposal to address climate change is that it would centralize too much power at the level of the federal government. However, the Green New Deal can avoid this by centering local action and decision-making in keeping with the principle of subsidiarity from Catholic social ethics. This principle holds that higher levels of society should not override the initiative of lower levels of society but should instead coordinate and support their work whenever possible. A focus on subsidiarity is already present in the framing of the Green New Deal proposal and provides a sound ethical foundation for its development and implementation.
nostra aetate revisited
6. Journal of Catholic Social Thought: Volume > 18 > Issue: 1
Matthew Bagot Fostering Human Dignity and Freedom: A Shared Vision for Catholic-Muslim Dialogue about Democracy
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At the beginning of Nostra aetate, the Church calls for mutual understanding with Muslims in the interests of “peace, liberty, social justice, and moral values.” This paper strives to achieve such an understanding in light of the fragile state of democracy in today’s world. The paper first presents the Church’s approach to democracy through an analysis of the work of the philosopher Jacques Maritain and the Second Vatican Council. It then presents representative views from Islam: the work of the Sunni legal scholar Khaled Abou El Fadl and the Shi’ite scholar Naser Ghobadzadeh. By appealing to the Jesuit scholarDavid Hollenbach’smethodology of “dialogic universalism,” the paper argues finally that there is a rich confluence between the two traditions: Their basic commitment to the dignity and freedom of the human person implies a respect for pluralism, a reverence for reason, and a call for self-transcendence, all of which can serve to enhance democracy.
7. Journal of Catholic Social Thought: Volume > 18 > Issue: 1
Rebecca Hiromi Luft Fulfillment—A Term at Play in Gifts and Calling and Jewish-Christian Concerns about Supersessionism: A Nonevolutionary, Cultic Redefinition of the Term
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The Commission for Religious Relations with the Jews produced The Gifts and Calling of God Are Irrevocable (Rom 11:29), in which supersessionism is firmly rejected. In this document, the term fulfillment occurs frequently to describe the relationship between the Old and New Covenant. It implies an evolutionary development from old to new, or from promise to fulfillment. Therefore, the use of this term may lead one to suspect that it is merely a synonym for supersession or a progression from good to better. To avoid this connotation, I redefine this term by locating it within the Israelite cult. Through a study of Aaron’s ordination to the high priesthood in Leviticus and the claims for Jesus’s high priesthood in the Epistle to the Hebrews, I show that fulfillment already occurs in the Old Covenant by relating the historical, earthly cult to the eternal, heavenly cult.
8. Journal of Catholic Social Thought: Volume > 18 > Issue: 1
Jules Boutros Promoting the Constants of the Mission with Muslims in Today’s Middle East
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One of the most important facts that the Second Vatican Council has revealed is that the point of the Church is not itself, but to go beyond itself, to be a community that preaches, serves, celebrates, and witnesses to the reign of God with due respect to the text and context. During the past century, the Church of the Middle East experienced the absence of an authentic missionary enthusiasm and the lack of a clear and pertinent theology with which it could face the challenge presented to Christianity by Islam. This challenge resides in its special role and mission before the Muslims, which this paper will further discuss and, in doing so, answer the question, How can the Church of the Middle East try to approach the Muslims in a time of violent Islamic fundamentalism and persecutions, in a region where most of the Christians are opting to remain distant or to emigrate?
book reviews
9. Journal of Catholic Social Thought: Volume > 18 > Issue: 1
Victor Carmona Humanity in Crisis: Ethical and Religious Responses to Refugees
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10. Journal of Catholic Social Thought: Volume > 18 > Issue: 1
Christopher P. Vogt The Ethics of Encounter: Christian Neighbor Love as a Practice of Solidarity
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