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1. Journal of Catholic Social Thought: Volume > 18 > Issue: 1
Barbara E. Wall Introduction
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reading the signs of the times
2. Journal of Catholic Social Thought: Volume > 18 > Issue: 1
Drew Christiansen, SJ Fratelli tutti and the Responsibility to Protect
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Fratelli tutti expresses skepticism about the ability of the just-war tradition to provide guidance on the state use of force. It is dismissive of a whole range of rationales for going to war. In rejecting humanitarian “excuses,” Pope Francis puts to question the Church’s support even for armed enforcement of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P). In place of abstract moral reasoning, Francis invites contemplation of the suffering of the victims of war. He expands the horizon of analysis from particular acts to consideration of the cascading consequences of war. He invites the military to color their warrior ethic with the kindness of Christ. In practice, his teaching implies increased attention to the ius postbellum and “the responsibility to rebuild” after armed conflict.
3. Journal of Catholic Social Thought: Volume > 18 > Issue: 1
Andrew Beauchamp, Jason A. Heron Immigration, Reciprocity, and the Modern Economic Tradition
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Contemporary economists are silent regarding economic rights because modern economic theory does not adequately account for reciprocity and risk in human relationships. The immigration question in the US serves as our test case for both the reality of reciprocity and risk in the realm of economic rights, and the need for economic analysis that more honestly contends with this reality. We examine reciprocity and risk in immigration through an economic lens and then complement that examination with resources from the Catholic social teaching tradition. We show how Catholic social teaching can enhance economic analysis of immigration and other social phenomena by helping economics make sense of reciprocity and risk in economic relations.
4. Journal of Catholic Social Thought: Volume > 18 > Issue: 1
Miguel Cerón Becerra, SJ Health Care in US Detention Centers: Ethical Analysis from the Preferential Option for the Poor
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The US has built the most extensive immigration detention system globally. Over the last three administrations, several organizations have noted a systemic failure in the provision of health care in detention centers, leading to the torture and death of immigrants. This essay develops the principle of the preferential option for the poor to examine the causes of deficient access to health care and solutions to overcome them. It analyzes the substandard health care in detention centers from the notion of structural violence and systematizes solutions of grassroots immigrant organizations from the idea of solidarity, understood here as a form of friendship with the poor that moves toward relational justice. Its goal is to build bridges between people so that the political will is generated to create policies to improve and enforce health care standards in detention centers and address the unjust foundations of immigration detention.
5. Journal of Catholic Social Thought: Volume > 18 > Issue: 1
Christopher Rice The Green New Deal, Subsidiarity, and Local Action
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A common criticism of the Green New Deal proposal to address climate change is that it would centralize too much power at the level of the federal government. However, the Green New Deal can avoid this by centering local action and decision-making in keeping with the principle of subsidiarity from Catholic social ethics. This principle holds that higher levels of society should not override the initiative of lower levels of society but should instead coordinate and support their work whenever possible. A focus on subsidiarity is already present in the framing of the Green New Deal proposal and provides a sound ethical foundation for its development and implementation.
nostra aetate revisited
6. Journal of Catholic Social Thought: Volume > 18 > Issue: 1
Matthew Bagot Fostering Human Dignity and Freedom: A Shared Vision for Catholic-Muslim Dialogue about Democracy
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At the beginning of Nostra aetate, the Church calls for mutual understanding with Muslims in the interests of “peace, liberty, social justice, and moral values.” This paper strives to achieve such an understanding in light of the fragile state of democracy in today’s world. The paper first presents the Church’s approach to democracy through an analysis of the work of the philosopher Jacques Maritain and the Second Vatican Council. It then presents representative views from Islam: the work of the Sunni legal scholar Khaled Abou El Fadl and the Shi’ite scholar Naser Ghobadzadeh. By appealing to the Jesuit scholarDavid Hollenbach’smethodology of “dialogic universalism,” the paper argues finally that there is a rich confluence between the two traditions: Their basic commitment to the dignity and freedom of the human person implies a respect for pluralism, a reverence for reason, and a call for self-transcendence, all of which can serve to enhance democracy.
7. Journal of Catholic Social Thought: Volume > 18 > Issue: 1
Rebecca Hiromi Luft Fulfillment—A Term at Play in Gifts and Calling and Jewish-Christian Concerns about Supersessionism: A Nonevolutionary, Cultic Redefinition of the Term
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The Commission for Religious Relations with the Jews produced The Gifts and Calling of God Are Irrevocable (Rom 11:29), in which supersessionism is firmly rejected. In this document, the term fulfillment occurs frequently to describe the relationship between the Old and New Covenant. It implies an evolutionary development from old to new, or from promise to fulfillment. Therefore, the use of this term may lead one to suspect that it is merely a synonym for supersession or a progression from good to better. To avoid this connotation, I redefine this term by locating it within the Israelite cult. Through a study of Aaron’s ordination to the high priesthood in Leviticus and the claims for Jesus’s high priesthood in the Epistle to the Hebrews, I show that fulfillment already occurs in the Old Covenant by relating the historical, earthly cult to the eternal, heavenly cult.
8. Journal of Catholic Social Thought: Volume > 18 > Issue: 1
Jules Boutros Promoting the Constants of the Mission with Muslims in Today’s Middle East
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One of the most important facts that the Second Vatican Council has revealed is that the point of the Church is not itself, but to go beyond itself, to be a community that preaches, serves, celebrates, and witnesses to the reign of God with due respect to the text and context. During the past century, the Church of the Middle East experienced the absence of an authentic missionary enthusiasm and the lack of a clear and pertinent theology with which it could face the challenge presented to Christianity by Islam. This challenge resides in its special role and mission before the Muslims, which this paper will further discuss and, in doing so, answer the question, How can the Church of the Middle East try to approach the Muslims in a time of violent Islamic fundamentalism and persecutions, in a region where most of the Christians are opting to remain distant or to emigrate?
book reviews
9. Journal of Catholic Social Thought: Volume > 18 > Issue: 1
Victor Carmona Humanity in Crisis: Ethical and Religious Responses to Refugees
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10. Journal of Catholic Social Thought: Volume > 18 > Issue: 1
Christopher P. Vogt The Ethics of Encounter: Christian Neighbor Love as a Practice of Solidarity
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11. Journal of Catholic Social Thought: Volume > 17 > Issue: 2
Suzanne Wentzel Introduction
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12. Journal of Catholic Social Thought: Volume > 17 > Issue: 2
Elisabeth M. Yang, Giovanni Patriarca, Diana M. Valentini The Cost of Indifference: General Apathy and Economic Paralysis?
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13. Journal of Catholic Social Thought: Volume > 17 > Issue: 2
Jens Mueller The Power of #Hashtags: Envisioning Solidarity in the Digital Sphere
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The article proposes that social media, particularly Twitter, has theological potential to foster solidarity through collective activism. It argues that solidarity is a social virtue, cultivated and habituated through social action in the digital sphere, thus becoming a key element in promoting the mission of the Church. The use of Twitter reinforces the importance of Catholic social movements and activism within the 21st century. The vision of solidarity in Catholic social thought ultimately contributes to the wider debate surrounding caring for the poor and empowering those on the margins, as well as promoting social justice through social media. The use of Twitter aids in the praxis solidarity in an effective way, demonstrating the transformative nature of social media for Catholic social thought. The example of the #BlackLivesMatter movement helps in underlining how people show their support through social media, extending the notion of solidarity from mere compassion toward working for the common good. With the aid of liberation theologies, the article emphasizes how solidarity moves beyond the public sphere into the digital world and becomes a key element in promoting social justice.
14. Journal of Catholic Social Thought: Volume > 17 > Issue: 2
Matthew Bagot Another Vision of Integral Human Development: Luigi Sturzo and Christian Smith on Human Personality and Global Politics
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This paper seeks to rehabilitate the work of the Italian priest and social theorist Luigi Sturzo in regard to two areas of current concern: first, the interdependence of nation-states and the emergence of the international community; and, second, the notion of human personality as ground for these developments. In this latter regard, the paper draws on the work of the sociologist Christian Smith to show how an account of the person that transcends empiricist positivism can shed light on authentic human development. Finally, the paper correlates this moral vision espoused by Sturzo and Smith with the work of some contemporary cosmopolitan democrats.
15. Journal of Catholic Social Thought: Volume > 17 > Issue: 2
Matthew Eaton, Timothy Harvie Laudato si’ and Animal Well-Being: Food Ethics in a Throwaway Culture
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In Laudato si’, Pope Francis calls for an “ecological conversion,” inviting his readers to abandon the interspecies violence characterizing our “throwaway culture,” which reductively and lamentably instrumentalizes the earth. Yet, while Francis recognizes the problems of systemic anthropogenic animal violence and economic agricultural imperialisms inherent in corporatized food production systems individually, he does not address the intersectional nature of these issues. Neither does he address the most obvious ethical conflicts arising in industrialized food production: the conflicts focused on meat eating. In this article, we explore what Laudato si’ means for the ethics of eating well with reference to industrialized animal agriculture and its relation to animal dignity and environmental concerns. After analyzing Laudato si’ on the economics and ethics of food, animal well-being, and ecological ethics, we discuss the possibilities and limitations of Catholic vegetarianism in the context of traditional ascetic fasting practices and a discussion of ecological lamentation.
16. Journal of Catholic Social Thought: Volume > 17 > Issue: 2
Daniel R. DiLeo Laudato si’ and Climate Change Communications: Public Theology Informed by the Social Sciences
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This article develops an evidence-based public theology of Laudato si’ that US Catholics might use to help society address anthropogenic climate change. The essay argues that religion generally and Laudato si’ specifically have the potential to inspire action in the United States to address human-forced climate change. At the same time, the article identifies the heretofore lack of social scientific data to discern which theological insights from the encyclical should be incorporated into a public theology of Laudato si’ that addresses this climate change. To redress this lacuna, the article presents original social scientific data from research about Laudato si’-informed climate change messages conducted on adults in the United States. Informed by this data, the essay concludes with discussion of how US Catholics might proceed to construct an evidence-based public theology of Laudato si’ in response to anthropogenic climate change.
17. Journal of Catholic Social Thought: Volume > 17 > Issue: 2
Terence McGoldrick Indigenous Community Cooperatives: A New Paradigm for Integral Ecology
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After World War II, various versions of cooperatives adapted to modern economies were begun by the Church and governments. They were considered central to development strategy, remain so in many places today. This article touches on the role of missionaries beginning cooperatives with the poor indigenous peoples of Bolivia and Kenya, showing how they have evolved into a successful and sustainable enterprise in today’s globalized economy. Indigenous traditional sacred cultural ties to the land and community are transformed into a successful business model that may not be as efficient as the capitalist model from a production perspective, but they are more sustainable as forces for the greater well-being of the community and the earth. I will argue that they offer a new way to consider efficiency as sustainable management of their sacred heritage lands in a Trinitarian integral ecology that is an example of the kind of new thinking that Catholic social thought calls for to counter the threats posed by our current global economic system.
18. Journal of Catholic Social Thought: Volume > 17 > Issue: 2
Philip Booth Ethics in Economics: Lessons and Themes for Further Development from Oeconomicae et pecuniariae quaestiones
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Since the financial crisis, there has been much discussion about the importance of ethics in economic life. An important contribution to this discussion was a 2018 Vatican letter on the financial system which reiterated and further developed Catholic social teaching. This article argues that the Catholic Church is correct to unite the disciplines of economics and ethics. However, it is proposed that, as Catholic social teaching in this field develops further, there should be more focus on the importance and development of the virtues. The letter reaffirmed earlier Catholic Church teaching on the regulation of markets. Once again, the formation in the virtues, especially the virtue of prudence, can help us make discerning judgments about the place of regulation in economic life. Furthermore, an understanding of human anthropology and the economic history of financial institutions can help us make prudent judgments in relation to these issues.
book review
19. Journal of Catholic Social Thought: Volume > 17 > Issue: 2
Kate Ward Consumer Ethics in a Global Economy: How Buying Here Causes Injustice There
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20. Journal of Catholic Social Thought: Volume > 17 > Issue: 1
Martin Schlag, Jeanne Buckeye Building Institutions for the Common Good: The Purpose and Practice of Business in an Inclusive Economy
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