Already a subscriber? - Login here
Not yet a subscriber? - Subscribe here

Browse by:



Displaying: 1-20 of 98 documents


1. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1993
Barry M. Mitnick Organizing Research in Corporate Social Performance: The CSP System as Core Paradigm
abstract | view |  rights & permissions | cited by
The field of business environment studies has never had a single, accepted, systematic, integrating logic to organize thinking about theory and practice. This paper introduces the concepts of a "sorting" or "classification logic" and of a "theory logic." After noting some persistent problems in the nature of research in business and society, the paper reviews major works that identify "corporate social performance" as the most appropriate focus for the field. Building on the recent work of Donna Wood, the paper then proposes a true systems model as a sorting logic able to systematically subsume all of the previous work. The systems model is found both to include all the components of previous models and to suggest additional features.
2. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1993
Kathleen A. Getz Firm Compliance With International “Regulatory” Policy
abstract | view |  rights & permissions | cited by
A model of firm compliance with international regulatory policy is advanced. Critical variables include the enforcement action of international organizations, policy-related variables, and environmental and organizational factors. Extensive further empirical and theoretical work is needed if scholarship is to keep apace of international policy developments.
3. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1993
Terri Egan, Monika Winn, Mark Starik "Voices": A Series of Participatory Working Sessions
view |  rights & permissions | cited by
4. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1993
Alejandro Ibarra Yunez NAFTA in the Mexican Process of Economic Opening
view |  rights & permissions | cited by
5. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1993
Elizabeth Mendez Mungaray Urban Growth and the Environment in Tijuana, B.C.
abstract | view |  rights & permissions | cited by
En el contexto de la actual problematics urbana, el consumo e intercambio de recursos naturales y sociales impactan de manera recurrente al medio ambiente, y por lo tanto los niveles de bienestar de la población. La rápida expansion de las ciudades fronterizas como producto del auge económico fomenta una distribución de servicios publicos e infraestructura que tiene efectos en una degradacion ambiental, evidente en las condiciones en que gran parte de la población se encuentra expuesta a niveles de bienestar muy por debajo de los promedios. En el presente trabajo se analiza de manera general la expansión urbana de la ciudad de Tijuana y su relación con la degradación del medio ambiente, resaltando los efectos en los niveles de calidad de vida de los diferentes grupos sociales.
6. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1993
J. Alberto Godinez Plascencia The Maquiladora Industry for Exportation in Mexico: 25 Years Later
abstract | view |  rights & permissions | cited by
En 1965 las actividades de la industria maquiladora de exportación (IME) recibieron formal regulación en México bajo el Programs de Industrializatión Fronteriza (PIF). Se fijó que tal industria deberia cumplir seis metas básicas para contribuir al desarrollo económico-industrial de la región y del pais: i> creación de empleos, ii) generación de divisas, iii) integrar a la plants industrial del país, iv) capacitar a 1 os trabajadores, v) desarrollar habilidades administrativas y vi) transferir tecnología.En este cotexto el propósito del presente traba.jo es tratar de realizar una modesta evaluación del grado en que la IME ha logrado cumplir los 6 objetivos básicos que se le asignaron hace ya 25 años. El argumento central es que después de 25 años de funcionamiento de la IME en México, existen deficiencias en el logro de objetivos fundamentales. Sin embargo, en esta deficiencia no sólo ha contribuido la forma tan singular de operar de la maquiladora, sino también la planta industrial nacional que no ha tenido la capacidad de aprovechar el enorme mercado de insumos y servicios así como de adaptar, asimilar y mejorar los adelantos tecnológicos de la IME. La politica industrial hacia la IME formulada a lo largo del período también ha contribuido ha esta defic ienc ia.
7. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1993
D. Jeffrey Lenn, Steven N. Brenner, Lee Burke, Diane Dodd-McCue, Craig S. Fleisher Managing Corporate Public Affairs and Government Relations: The Case of U.S. Multinational Corporations in Europe
abstract | view |  rights & permissions | cited by
This paper presents the results of an exploratory study of the public affairs/govemment relations function (PA/GR) of U.S. multinational corporations. A series of in-depth interviews with executives in major American and European corporations with offices in Brussels provided the data base about the structure, activities and staff of their public affairs offices. Initial conclusions about the impact of the merging integration of the European Community on the MNC public affairs/govemment relations function are discussed.
8. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1993
Robert D. Richards, John W. Bagby An Embattled Corporate Image: Balancing the First Amendment and Competition in Strategic Lawsuits Against Public Participation
abstract | view |  rights & permissions | cited by
A burgeoning category of lawsuits is challenging aspects of fundamental constitutional doctrine. In recent years more than one thousand of these lawsuits have been identified. The scenario presents the business community perched as plaintiffs filing suit against citizens and activists who have spoken out against a project or activity. A variety of reputational and business torts is being used to encroach upon an area of constitutional law that has remained relatively tranquil over the past few decades—the petition clause of the First Amendment. But not all those petitioning the government do so in good faith. Some petitions may be aimed solely at thwarting a competitor. Consequently, a need to balance the First Amendment and competition has developed.
9. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1993
Barbara Bigelow, Margarete Arndt Corporate Political Strategy in the Hospital Industry
abstract | view |  rights & permissions | cited by
The intent of this paper is to examine the nature of corporate political strategy in the hospital industry. The role of government as both regulator and purchaser, the emphasis on social performance and the hospital as an essential community service, as well as the simultaneous involvement of the business community as board members and as concerned purchasers and of physicians as providers, consumers and sometimes competitors all influence corporate political strategy in ways unique to this industry.
10. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1993
Michel G. Bédard A Multi-Factor Model for Analysis of the Socioeconomic Contribution of Privatized Enterprises In Canada
abstract | view |  rights & permissions | cited by
Over the past several years a good number of federal and provincial crown corporations have been yielded up to the private sector within the sweep of a vast economic reform movement. Legislators and neoiiberals alike believed the firms in question would, once privatized, do roundly better than before the change. The assertion bears verification and therefore an analytical model is proposed with the stated objective being to assess the socioeconomic contribution, if any, of privatized enterprises. The author is presently using the model within the context of a research project on privatized enterprises (including Bombardier - Canadair, Teleglobe Canada and the like), with a grant from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada.
11. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1993
A Stakeholder Theory of the Firm: Building on Preston, Carroll, Wartick and Cochran, and Wood
abstract | view |  rights & permissions | cited by
This article describes the results of empirical tests, over a period of five years, of the theories and models of Corporate Social Performance proposed by Preston, Carroll, Wartick and Cochran. It was found that these theories and models lacked empirical reality. The data from mote than forty field studies of corporate social performance showed that these ferns were managing relationships with their primary stakeholders groups rather than with society as a whole. When the level of analysis is society, it is appropriate to define and analyse social issues and responsibilities; when the level of analysis is the corporation, it is appropriate to define and analyse stakeholder issues and responsibilities. As a consequence of clarifying the appropriate level of analysis, earlier models of CSP have been revised in order to reflect empirical reality. Based on four years of testing and applying the new model, a stakeholder theory of the firm is proposed and several predictive propositions are advanced for testing.
12. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1993
Jeriy M. Calton, Lawrence J. Lad Collaborative Governance: The Firm, the Intel-organizational Field, and "Negotiated Order"
view |  rights & permissions | cited by
13. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1993
Chris Huxham Processes for Collaborative Advantage: A Gentle Exploration of Tensions
abstract | view |  rights & permissions | cited by
This paper discusses some of the issues involved in the design of processes for effective collaboration between organisations. It considers, firstly, the relevance of, and barriers to, formal processes and argues for an incremental learning process as a way of moving organisations towards acceptance of these. Secondly, it introduces the notion of a balance of tensions in factors affecting the success of collaboration. Finally, it argues that formal processes which involve participants in an exploration of the factors relevant to their own collaborative context, are more likely to lead to achievement of collaborative advantage than those based on prescriptive guidelines.
14. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1993
C. Koenig, G. van Wijk Interorganizational Collaboration Beyond Contracts
abstract | view |  rights & permissions | cited by
Considering an inter-firm alliance as an organizational practice in itself, this paper argues that its emergence and stability depend on the development and maintenance of trust between partners, where trust is an informal mode of control defined as a set of mutual anticipations and obligauons. Examining the role of trust in the creation and performance of alliances helps understand phenomena not covered by usual paradigms.
15. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1993
Sanjay Sharma, Harrie Vredenburg, Frances Westley Strategic Bridging: A Role for fhe Multinational Corporation in Third World Development
abstract | view |  rights & permissions | cited by
Multinational corporations with egoistic interests in long-term relationship- and rapport-building with stakeholders in host Third World countries can provide mechanisms for genuine development efforts in developing countries, by acting as strategic bridges between international development agencies and government bodies in the host countries.
16. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1993
Tammie S. Pinkston, Archie B. Carroll An Investigation of the Relationship Between Organizational Size and Corporate Social Performance
abstract | view |  rights & permissions | cited by
This study investigates the relationship between organizational size and three dimensions of corporate social performance (CSP): corporate social responsibility orientations, organizational stakeholders, and social issues. Using ANOVA and descriptive statistics, there appeared to be no significant differences across the organizational sizes with respect to the three dimensions of CSP.
17. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1993
Ruth Spiegel Corporate Social Performance: Efforts to Achieve and Maintain Legitimacy
abstract | view |  rights & permissions | cited by
This paper examines the concept of corporate legitimacy as berth a motivator and outcome of strategic response(s). The theoretical mode! presented suggests those variables instrumental in the development of legitimacy (or tack thereof) and those which determine the strategic response(s) selected by corporate decision makers.
18. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1993
Edward W. Desmarais, Candida G. Brush The Social Responsiveness of New Ventures: A Synthesized Model
abstract | view |  rights & permissions | cited by
This paper argues that models of CSP and Entrepreneurship are useful for explaining either social responsibility and performance of large established firms or the entrepreneurial process of new ventures, but are limited in their ability to explain social responsiveness of new ventures. Based on conclusions from a literature review of the CSP and Entrepreneurship Fields, a synthesized model is proposed that augments existing CSP frameworks by adding antecedents (resources, opportunity and founder/manager) permitting broader application to organizations of both young and old age or large and small size.
19. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1993
Bei Zhao, Liping Deng A Socio-Political Perspective on Joint Ventures in China
abstract | view |  rights & permissions | cited by
This paper addresses several socio-political issues of Sino- foreign joint ventures (SFJVs) within a modified framework of the social responsibility theory, primarily society’s expectations for the SFJVs and the SFJVs’ efforts to satisfy these demands.
20. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1993
Denis Collins Subsidiarity and Nationalism in the Formation of a Unified Europe: Views from Europe and Comparison with United States History
abstract | view |  rights & permissions | cited by
This paper examines the events surrounding the formation of a European common market based upon personal interviews and historical analysis. It raises the issue of whether the Maastricht Treaty should be approved by European parliaments or national referendums. It argues that neoclassical theory inadequately predicts and understands these events.