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Displaying: 1-10 of 98 documents


1. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1993
Barry M. Mitnick Organizing Research in Corporate Social Performance: The CSP System as Core Paradigm
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The field of business environment studies has never had a single, accepted, systematic, integrating logic to organize thinking about theory and practice. This paper introduces the concepts of a "sorting" or "classification logic" and of a "theory logic." After noting some persistent problems in the nature of research in business and society, the paper reviews major works that identify "corporate social performance" as the most appropriate focus for the field. Building on the recent work of Donna Wood, the paper then proposes a true systems model as a sorting logic able to systematically subsume all of the previous work. The systems model is found both to include all the components of previous models and to suggest additional features.
2. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1993
Kathleen A. Getz Firm Compliance With International “Regulatory” Policy
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A model of firm compliance with international regulatory policy is advanced. Critical variables include the enforcement action of international organizations, policy-related variables, and environmental and organizational factors. Extensive further empirical and theoretical work is needed if scholarship is to keep apace of international policy developments.
3. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1993
Terri Egan, Monika Winn, Mark Starik "Voices": A Series of Participatory Working Sessions
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4. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1993
Alejandro Ibarra Yunez NAFTA in the Mexican Process of Economic Opening
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5. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1993
Elizabeth Mendez Mungaray Urban Growth and the Environment in Tijuana, B.C.
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En el contexto de la actual problematics urbana, el consumo e intercambio de recursos naturales y sociales impactan de manera recurrente al medio ambiente, y por lo tanto los niveles de bienestar de la población. La rápida expansion de las ciudades fronterizas como producto del auge económico fomenta una distribución de servicios publicos e infraestructura que tiene efectos en una degradacion ambiental, evidente en las condiciones en que gran parte de la población se encuentra expuesta a niveles de bienestar muy por debajo de los promedios. En el presente trabajo se analiza de manera general la expansión urbana de la ciudad de Tijuana y su relación con la degradación del medio ambiente, resaltando los efectos en los niveles de calidad de vida de los diferentes grupos sociales.
6. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1993
J. Alberto Godinez Plascencia The Maquiladora Industry for Exportation in Mexico: 25 Years Later
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En 1965 las actividades de la industria maquiladora de exportación (IME) recibieron formal regulación en México bajo el Programs de Industrializatión Fronteriza (PIF). Se fijó que tal industria deberia cumplir seis metas básicas para contribuir al desarrollo económico-industrial de la región y del pais: i> creación de empleos, ii) generación de divisas, iii) integrar a la plants industrial del país, iv) capacitar a 1 os trabajadores, v) desarrollar habilidades administrativas y vi) transferir tecnología.En este cotexto el propósito del presente traba.jo es tratar de realizar una modesta evaluación del grado en que la IME ha logrado cumplir los 6 objetivos básicos que se le asignaron hace ya 25 años. El argumento central es que después de 25 años de funcionamiento de la IME en México, existen deficiencias en el logro de objetivos fundamentales. Sin embargo, en esta deficiencia no sólo ha contribuido la forma tan singular de operar de la maquiladora, sino también la planta industrial nacional que no ha tenido la capacidad de aprovechar el enorme mercado de insumos y servicios así como de adaptar, asimilar y mejorar los adelantos tecnológicos de la IME. La politica industrial hacia la IME formulada a lo largo del período también ha contribuido ha esta defic ienc ia.
7. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1993
D. Jeffrey Lenn, Steven N. Brenner, Lee Burke, Diane Dodd-McCue, Craig S. Fleisher Managing Corporate Public Affairs and Government Relations: The Case of U.S. Multinational Corporations in Europe
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This paper presents the results of an exploratory study of the public affairs/govemment relations function (PA/GR) of U.S. multinational corporations. A series of in-depth interviews with executives in major American and European corporations with offices in Brussels provided the data base about the structure, activities and staff of their public affairs offices. Initial conclusions about the impact of the merging integration of the European Community on the MNC public affairs/govemment relations function are discussed.
8. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1993
Robert D. Richards, John W. Bagby An Embattled Corporate Image: Balancing the First Amendment and Competition in Strategic Lawsuits Against Public Participation
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A burgeoning category of lawsuits is challenging aspects of fundamental constitutional doctrine. In recent years more than one thousand of these lawsuits have been identified. The scenario presents the business community perched as plaintiffs filing suit against citizens and activists who have spoken out against a project or activity. A variety of reputational and business torts is being used to encroach upon an area of constitutional law that has remained relatively tranquil over the past few decades—the petition clause of the First Amendment. But not all those petitioning the government do so in good faith. Some petitions may be aimed solely at thwarting a competitor. Consequently, a need to balance the First Amendment and competition has developed.
9. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1993
Barbara Bigelow, Margarete Arndt Corporate Political Strategy in the Hospital Industry
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The intent of this paper is to examine the nature of corporate political strategy in the hospital industry. The role of government as both regulator and purchaser, the emphasis on social performance and the hospital as an essential community service, as well as the simultaneous involvement of the business community as board members and as concerned purchasers and of physicians as providers, consumers and sometimes competitors all influence corporate political strategy in ways unique to this industry.
10. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society: 1993
Michel G. Bédard A Multi-Factor Model for Analysis of the Socioeconomic Contribution of Privatized Enterprises In Canada
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Over the past several years a good number of federal and provincial crown corporations have been yielded up to the private sector within the sweep of a vast economic reform movement. Legislators and neoiiberals alike believed the firms in question would, once privatized, do roundly better than before the change. The assertion bears verification and therefore an analytical model is proposed with the stated objective being to assess the socioeconomic contribution, if any, of privatized enterprises. The author is presently using the model within the context of a research project on privatized enterprises (including Bombardier - Canadair, Teleglobe Canada and the like), with a grant from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada.