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1. Forum Philosophicum: Volume > 13 > Issue: 1
John McDade Simone Weil and Gerard Manley Hopkins on God, Affliction, Necessity and Sacrifice
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Simone Weil's ideas on affliction and sacrifice have been interpreted by some as though they are the product of psychological problems. I will approachher writings on necessity and affliction through G. M. Hopkins' little prose masterpiece. Later I will suggest that she may be profitably related to some French spiritual writers in the 17th Century, who develop a link between the necessity of offering sacrifice to God and the radical contingency of created existence.
2. Forum Philosophicum: Volume > 13 > Issue: 1
Simini Rahimi Swinburne on the Euthyphro Dilemma. Can Supervenience Save Him?
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3. Forum Philosophicum: Volume > 13 > Issue: 1
Lubos Rojka Human Authenticity and the Question of God in the Philosophy of Bernard Lonergan
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In his Insight, Lonergan presents a general form of the argument for the existence of God: „reality is completely intelligible, therefore, God exists." Its framework may be characterized as a Leibnizian version of the cosmological argument from the contingency of empirical reality to the unrestricted act of understanding.The acceptance of Lonergan's argument presupposes familiarity with his theory of being and objectivity. In my analysis, since Lonergan uses heuristic(second order) definitions and dialectical method in his justification of the complete intelligibility of reality, the argument invites continuous examination of theproposed alternative metaphysical theories.
4. Forum Philosophicum: Volume > 13 > Issue: 1
Joshtrom I. Kureethadam The 'Meditational' Genre of Descartes 'Meditations
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5. Forum Philosophicum: Volume > 13 > Issue: 1
Stanisław Ziemiański Time and Its Philosophical Implications
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The conception of time, presented by St. Augustine, unites within itself the physical-philosophical views of Aristotle, and its own psychological view concerning the lived experience of the flow of sensory impressions from the past towards the future. H. Majkrzak (1999) underlines, in Augustine, the existential moment of time. The time of a human life is limited: it is situated within borders stretching from the day of birth to the day of death. This faithful and precise representationof the Augustinian conception of time, nevertheless brings the reader up against a problem: What value does it have today?
6. Forum Philosophicum: Volume > 13 > Issue: 1
Aleksandra Derra Explicit and Implicit Assumptions in Noam Chomsky's Theory of Language
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The author identifies selected implicit or not fully explicit assumptions made by Noam Chomsky in his theory of language. Through a careful examinationof Chomsky's work, she aims to present the solutions this linguist proposes with respect to two fundamental questions: the question of methodology and thequestion of the ontological status of language. After reviewing the central theses of Chomsky's theory in the first part of the paper, she tums to the question that ismentioned in the title of this paper, that is, the reservations regarding the assumptions underlying Chomsky's work.
7. Forum Philosophicum: Volume > 13 > Issue: 1
Manuel Rebuschi Czezowski's Axiological Concepts as Full-fledged Modalities: We Must Either Make What Is Good, Or Become Revisionists
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This short paper provides a tentative formalization of Czezowski's ideas about axiological concepts: Good and Evil are conceived of as modalities ratherthan as predicates. A natural account of the resulting „ethical logic" appears to be very close to standard deontic logic. If one does not resolve to become an anti-realist regarding moral values, a possible way out is to become a revisionist about deontology: convert to intuitionism or some other kind of revisionism in deontic logic, and remain classical in ethical logic.
8. Forum Philosophicum: Volume > 13 > Issue: 1
Mostafa Taqavi, Mohammad Saleh Zarepour The Strong Version of Underdetermination of Theories by Empirical Data: Comments on Wolenski's Analysis
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The Polish researcher in the field of logic and philosophy, Jan Woleński, in one of his recent articles, „Metalogical Observations About the Underdeterminationof Theories by Empirical Data," logically formalized two weak and strong versions of the underdetermination of theories by empirical data (or UT by abbreviation)and with these formalization has metalogically analyzed these two versions. Finally he has deducted that the weak version is defensible while the strong version is not. In this paper we will critically study Woleński's analysis of the strong version of UT.
9. Forum Philosophicum: Volume > 13 > Issue: 1
Adam Świeżyński The Evolutionary Concept of Human Death
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The natural sciences reveal the existence of a constant process of cosmic evolution, in which new forms of matter emerge. The continuity of the non-Organic and biological evolutionary processes, their assignment to the laws of nature, as well as the fact that the appearance of a human being constitutes theirculmination, all this shows that a human being is an element of the material structure of the world. From the evolutionary point of view, it could be argued thatI human being is „the ultimate form of life," a very interesting but, in many respects, still very mysterious idea.
10. Forum Philosophicum: Volume > 13 > Issue: 1
Daniel Laurier Making „Reasons " Explicit. How Normative is Brandom's Inferentialism?
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This paper asks whether Brandom has provided a sufficiently clear account of the basic normative concepts of commitment and entitlement, on whichhis normative inferentialism seems to rest, and of how they contribute to explain the inferential articulation of conceptual contents. I show that Brandom's claim that these concepts are analogous to the concepts of obligation and permission cannot be right, and argue that the normative character of the concept of commitment is dubious. This leads me to replace Brandom's conception of inferential relations as relations between deontic statuses with one according to which they are to be seen as relations between entitlements and acknowledgements of commitments.