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1. Environmental Ethics: Volume > 32 > Issue: 4
News and Notes
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features
2. Environmental Ethics: Volume > 32 > Issue: 4
Sue P. Stafford Intellectual Virtues in Environmental Virtue Ethics
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Intellectual virtues are an integral part of adequate environmental virtue ethics; these virtues are distinct from moral virtues. Including intellectual virtues in environmental virtue ethics produces a more fine-grained account of the forces involved in environmental exploration, appreciation, and decision making than has been given to date. Intellectual virtues are character traits that regulate cognitive activity in support of the acquisition and application of knowledge. They are virtues because they further the human quest for knowledge and true belief; possessing these traits improves us epistemically. Five intellectual virtues illustrate the nature and relevance of intellectual virtues to environmental ethics: thoroughness, temporal/structural sensitivity, flexibility, intellectual trust, and humility. While these virtues share many features of the moral virtues, there are differences between them that have practical implications and give sound reasons for considering these two types as distinct kinds. Intellectual virtues bear a structural relation to knowledge that moral virtues do not, and it is this epistemological stamp that sets them apart. Additionally, the two types of virtue can be possessed independently of one another. Ideally, intellectual virtues will combine with moral virtues such as respect, compassion, and humility to facilitate environmentally respectful behavior. The moral and intellectual virtues are thus importantly distinct and mutually reinforcing. Both should be present in a truly excellent human being, and both have a role to play in fully developed environmental virtue ethics.
3. Environmental Ethics: Volume > 32 > Issue: 4
Freya Mathews Planetary Collapse Disorder: The Honeybee as Portent of the Limits of the Ethical
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The honeybee, Apis mellifera, has excited both literary and scientific interest since ancient times, and even modern entomological investigation has not entirely dispelled the mystery surrounding the corporate intelligence of the beehive. Yet this lingering mystique has not prevented the wholesale exploitation of the honeybee as pollinator of choice in present-day industrial agriculture. In the context of this industrialization of the apiary, honeybees around the world are succumbing to the condition known as “colony collapse disorder.” The consequent disappearance of honeybees on a massive scale poses the question, what do honeybees mean to us? Is their loss a moral loss, and if so, is it merely a moral loss, or something more? Does the loss of honeybees portend further losses that will amount to the loss of the basic conditions for meaning, and hence for morality, per se?
discussion papers
4. Environmental Ethics: Volume > 32 > Issue: 4
Benjamin Howe Was Arne Naess Recognized as the Founder of Deep Ecology Prematurely? Semantics and Environmental Philosophy
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According to Arne Naess, his environmental philosophy is influenced by the philosophy of language called empirical semantics, which he first developed in the 1930s as a participant in the seminars of the Vienna Circle. While no one denies his claim, most of his commentators defend views about his environmental philosophy that contradict the tenets of his semantics. In particular, they argue that he holds that deep ecology’s supporters share a world view, and that the movement’s platform articulates shared principles. Naess, however, rejects this conception of deep ecology, and, moreover, he is compelled to do so because of his long-standing views on semantics. Naess’s semantics thus poses a particularly difficult problem for the first group of theorists who endorsed Naess.
5. Environmental Ethics: Volume > 32 > Issue: 4
Mick Smith Epharmosis: Jean-Luc Nancy and the Political Oecology of Creation
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Concerns for the more-than-human world are consistently marginalized by dominant forms of philosophical and political humanism, characterized here by their unquestioning acceptance of human sovereignty over the world. A genuinely ecological political philosophy needs post-humanist concepts to begin articulating alternative notions of “ecological communities” as ethical and political, and not just biological realities. Drawing upon Jean-Luc Nancy’s concept of community, epharmosis, a largely defunct term of art in early plant ecology, can be reappropriated to signify the creative ethical/political/ecological interrelations that together constitute ecological communities.
6. Environmental Ethics: Volume > 32 > Issue: 4
Lars Samuelsson Environmental Pragmatism and Environmental Philosophy: A Bad Marriage
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Environmental pragmatists have presented environmental pragmatism as a new philosophical position, arguing that theoretical debates in environmental philosophy are hindering the ability of the environmental movement to forge agreement on basic policy imperatives. Hence, they aim to lead environmental philosophers away from such theoretical debates, and toward more practical—and pragmatically motivated—ones. However, a position with such an aim is not a proper philosophical position at all, given that philosophy (among other things) is an effort to get clear on the problems that puzzle us.
book reviews
7. Environmental Ethics: Volume > 32 > Issue: 4
Robin Attfield Saving Creation: Nature and Faith in the Life of Holmes Rolston, III
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8. Environmental Ethics: Volume > 32 > Issue: 4
Rita Turner Everyday Ethics and Social Change: The Education of Desire
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9. Environmental Ethics: Volume > 32 > Issue: 4
Ty Raterman Why Animal Suffering Matters: Philosophy, Theology, and Practical Ethics
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10. Environmental Ethics: Volume > 32 > Issue: 4
Todd LeVasseur The Sacred Universe: Earth, Spirituality, and Religion in the Twenty-First Century
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11. Environmental Ethics: Volume > 32 > Issue: 4
Bryan Bannon Merleau-Ponty’s Philosophy of Nature
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12. Environmental Ethics: Volume > 32 > Issue: 4
Costas Panayotakis Eco-Sufficiency and Global Justice
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13. Environmental Ethics: Volume > 32 > Issue: 4
Frank W. Derringh Gaia in Turmoil
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14. Environmental Ethics: Volume > 32 > Issue: 4
Referees 2010
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15. Environmental Ethics: Volume > 32 > Issue: 4
Index to Volume 32
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