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1. Environmental Ethics: Volume > 39 > Issue: 4
News and Notes
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2. Environmental Ethics: Volume > 39 > Issue: 4
Luis Cordeiro-Rodrigues Understanding the Impact of the Animal Enterprise Terrorist Act (AETA) on Animal Advocacy
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In many contemporary societies, there is an increasing number of animal welfare sympathizers and activists. In the United States, particularly, there are various individuals who have engaged in activist activities focused on animals. However, since 2006, and under the Animal Enterprise Terrorist Act (AETA), some of these activities have been classified as terrorist crimes. Independent of whether such activities are morally justified or not, the AETA law exaggerates these activist actions and can take the shape of silencing and restricting forms of activism that contest the way animals are treated by enterprises.
3. Environmental Ethics: Volume > 39 > Issue: 4
Antonius Bastian Limahekin Discourse-Theoretic Democracy and the Problem of Free-Riding in Global Climate-Change Mitigation
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Free-riding in global climate-change mitigation is a serious problem both from moral and instrumental points of view. It goes against the principle of reciprocity and has a damaging impact on the global effort to combat climate change. This problem can be resolved within the scheme of discourse-theoretic democracy by exploiting the domestic political public sphere to channel the green voice pushing for the making of environmental laws and poli­cies, to raise public awareness of the damaging impacts of climate change, and to exercise social control of the climate-change inducing practices in a democratic country. These potentials of discourse-theoretic democracy should not, nevertheless, be exaggerated since their realizations depend immensely on what many nation-states lack, namely, the existence of an ecological culture and ecocitizens.
discussion papers
4. Environmental Ethics: Volume > 39 > Issue: 4
Andrew R. H. Thompson Good Ecological Work: A Normative Account of Work for Novel Ecosystems
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Novel ecosystems represent the challenge of the Anthropocene epoch on a local scale. In an age where human agency is the defining ecological factor, ecological discourse and practice finds itself in its own “non-analog” conditions. In this context, good work can be an important place for developing answers to these questions. The fields of ecological practice, such as restoration and management, with their characteristic orientation toward objectives, lack a substantive understanding of what good work entails. Consequently, these fields are unable to articulate what distinguishes moral and immoral human interventions in the nonhuman world and they turn instead to ambiguous categories such as “natural,” “historic,” and “pre-disturbance” for benchmarks. In contrast, a substantive conception of good work can name and clarify the sorts of intentions and behaviors that characterize positive human intervention in ecosystems, rather than simply rejecting those that are apparently “unnatural” or “novel.” From a phenomenological perspective, good ecological work demands accountability not only for the kinds of ecosystems we create or restore, but ultimately for the meanings we construct for our world and for ourselves.
5. Environmental Ethics: Volume > 39 > Issue: 4
Peter Woodford The Evolution of Altruism and its Significance for Environmental Ethics
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The significance of scientific research into the evolution of altruism for environmental ethics can be highlighted through an analysis of recent debates over William Hamilton’s theory of inclusive fitness. Recent debates over how to explain altruism have become particularly charged with ideological weight because they are seen to have some consequence for how we understand the human moral project, especially with regard to nonhuman life. By analyzing the place of evolutionary theory in the work of environmental ethicists some conclusions can be drawn about the extent to which these debates, and evolutionary research into behavior more generally, are and are not significant for environmental ethics. In particular, the most important issues at stake for environmental ethicists concern the conditions under which altruistic forms of behavior can thrive and the degree to which we can consider intensive forms of altruism to be unstable and anomalous, or rather stable and predictable outcomes of social evolution given favorable conditions.
6. Environmental Ethics: Volume > 39 > Issue: 4
Jane Duran Coastal Conservation: Striking the Mind and the Eye
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There are two major reasons for holding that coastal conservation is of paramount impor­tance. The first is that our intuitive emotional response to coastal views harkens back to our sense of ancient times. It is a line of analysis that has been expanded upon by Henry David Thoreau and others. In addition to our emotional pull toward the coastlines, we are also faced with the facts that wetlands and their flora and fauna—particularly bird nests and similar constructions—are crucial to containing the now ubiquitous damage caused by climate change. Keryn B. Gedan and various associates, along with Peter Hay, provide useful tools to analyze the importance of coastal wetlands and the rapidity with which they may be damaged. The factors that make coastal conservation important to us work on more than one level.
book reviews
7. Environmental Ethics: Volume > 39 > Issue: 4
Melissa Clarke The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Ethics
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8. Environmental Ethics: Volume > 39 > Issue: 4
Kathleen Dean Moore The Seasons Alter: How to Save Our Planet in Six Acts
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9. Environmental Ethics: Volume > 39 > Issue: 4
Chih-Wei Peng China’s Green Religion: Daoism and the Quest for a Sustainable Future
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10. Environmental Ethics: Volume > 39 > Issue: 4
John Hausdoerffer Piano Tide: A Novel
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