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Essays in Philosophy

Volume 22, Issue 1/2, January/July 2021
Migration and Mobility

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Displaying: 1-14 of 14 documents

editor’s introduction
1. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 22 > Issue: 1/2
Alex Sager Migration and Mobility
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2. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 22 > Issue: 1/2
Tiffany E. Montoya Understanding the Legitimacy of Movement: The Nomadism of Gitanos (Spanish Roma) and Conquistadors
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While Spain was conquering new lands in the Americas, foreigners arrived into their own—the Gitanos. Spain imposed a double-standard whereby their crossing into new, occupied, territory was legitimate, but the entry of others into Spanish territory was not. I compare and contrast these historically parallel movements of people using Deleuze and Guattari’s taxonomy of movement (what they refer to as nomadology). I conclude that the double-standard of movement was due to differences of power between these two groups, understood in terms of material conditions, a prototypical “racial contract,” and differences in the relationship to land and space. This history and analysis of colonial Spain is a critical start for Latin American postcolonial theory; it gives us a framework to study philosophies of migration and nomadism; and finally, it introduces the Gitanos (and Roma in general) as an important population to complicate critical race theory or theories of ethnicity.
3. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 22 > Issue: 1/2
Amy Reed-Sandoval Travel for Abortion as a Form of Migration
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In this essay I explore how travel and border-crossing for abortion care constitutes a challenge to methodological nationalism, which serves to obscure such experiences from view. Drawing up field research conducted at two abortion clinics in Albuquerque, New Mexico, I also explore some implications of regarding pregnant people who travel for abortion care as a type of migrant, even (but not necessarily) if they are U.S. citizens and legal residents. Finally, I assess how this discursive shift can make important contributions to pandemic and migration ethics.
4. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 22 > Issue: 1/2
Gajendran Ayyathurai Emigration Against Caste, Transformation of the Self, and Realization of the Casteless Society in Indian Diaspora
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Regardless of British colonial motives, many Indians migrated against caste/casteism across Indian, Atlantic, and Pacific Oceans. British Guiana marked the entry of Indian indentured laborers in the Caribbean in 1838. Paradoxically, thereafter religious and caste identities have risen among them. This article aims to unravel the intersectionality of religion, caste, and gender in the Caribbean Indian diaspora. Based on the recent field study in Guyana and Suriname as well as from the interdisciplinary sources, this essay examines: how brahminical deities, temples, and patriarchal institutions have re-invented caste-based asymmetrical sociality in the plantation colonies. Contrary to such re-establishment of brahminical inequalities, it argues, the castefree Indo-Guyanese religio-cultural practices foster inter-religious and inter-racial inclusive integration. And that this has led to self-transformation as well as in the making of a casteless society in the Caribbean.
5. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 22 > Issue: 1/2
Michael Ball-Blakely Migration, Mobility, and Spatial Segregation: Freedom of Movement as Equal Opportunity
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Many supporters of open borders argue that restrictions on immigration are unjust in part because they undermine equal opportunity. Borders prevent the globally least-advantaged from pursuing desirable opportunities abroad, cementing arbitrary facts about birth and citizenship. In this paper I advance an argument from equal opportunity to global freedom of movement. In addition to preventing people from pursuing desirable opportunities, borders also create a prone, segregated population that can be dominated and exploited. Restrictions on mobility do not just trap people in bad opportunity sets—they help create bad opportunities by isolating the negative externalities of production and foreign policy. Freedom of movement can play a vital role in spreading risks and burdens, incentivizing their mitigation. Using an analysis of feudalism, segregation, and the transnational economy, I illustrate the centrality of space and mobility, showing why freedom of movement is a necessary tool for preventing political and economic oppression.
6. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 22 > Issue: 1/2
Benjamin Boudou Beyond the Welcoming Rhetoric: Hospitality as a Principle of Care for the Displaced
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The concept of hospitality has seen a strong revival in the literature on migration and among pro-migrant activists. However, its meaning, its scope, and the nature of the obligations it imposes remain contested. Open-border advocates see hospitality as a moral principle of openness that should trump nationalist arguments for closure, while nationalists tap into the home analogy and compare the state to a household welcoming migrants as guests, whose stay should accordingly be temporary and marked by gratitude. Some consider hospitality a virtue that should translate into a personal responsibility to open one’s doors to others, while some politicise the concept to apply it to borders and state duties towards migrants. This paper unpacks the various literal and metaphorical meanings of the age-old concept of hospitality, and the shortcomings of its rhetorical uses. It then argues for a conception of hospitality as a principle of care towards displaced people. Hospitality alleviates ordinary obstacles that prevent a functional life in a new environment and allows for home-making practices. It is triggered by the vulnerability created by displacement, i.e., the material, emotional and political harms resulting from the loss of a home.
7. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 22 > Issue: 1/2
Kyle Fruh Climate Change Driven Displacement and Justice: The Role of Reparations
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An increasingly wide array of moral arguments has coalesced in recent work on the question of how to confront the phenomenon of climate change driven displacement. Despite invoking a range of disparate moral principles, arguments addressing displacement across international borders seem to converge on a similar range of policy remedies: expansion of the 1951 Refugee Convention to include ecological refugees, expedited immigration (whether individual or collective), or, for entire political communities that have suffered displacement, even the ceding of sovereign territory. Curiously, this convergence is observable even across the distinction of interest for this paper: the distinction between arguments that proceed in the vein of reparations and arguments that reach their conclusion without invoking any reparations. Even though as a collection they appear to point in the same direction, I argue that non-reparative arguments that seek to address climate change driven displacement have several shortcomings, such that climate justice should be understood to include an indispensable role for reparations.
book reviews
8. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 22 > Issue: 1/2
Codi Stevens Medical Sexism: Contraception Access, Reproductive Medicine, and Health Care
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9. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 22 > Issue: 1/2
Jessica Davis Socially Just Pedagogies: Posthumanist, Feminist and Materialist Perspectives in Higher Education
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10. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 22 > Issue: 1/2
Cassie Finley The Philosopher Queens
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11. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 22 > Issue: 1/2
Garret Merriam Heart of the Machine: Our Future in a World of Artificial Emotional Intelligence
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12. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 22 > Issue: 1/2
Chad Wiener Medieval Sensibilities: A History of Emotions in the Middle Ages
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13. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 22 > Issue: 1/2
Curtis Joseph Howd On Truth
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14. Essays in Philosophy: Volume > 22 > Issue: 1/2
Marisol Brito The Routledge Handbook of Epistemic Injustice
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