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Dialogue and Universalism

Comprehensiveness, Dialogue, Integration, Open Synthesis, Wisdom

Volume 16, Issue 5/6, 2006
Authentic University

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Displaying: 1-20 of 21 documents


1. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 16 > Issue: 5/6
Małgorzata Czarnocka Towards the Comprehension of the Present. Elements of Contemporary Intellectual Worldview Structure
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diversity of spirituality
2. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 16 > Issue: 5/6
Werner Krieglstein The Truth Beneath the Skin. A Foundation for a Secular Spirituality
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In this paper the author explores possibilities for experiential truth-finding as a response to the Kantian impasse. Finding truth not as a result of logical abstraction but as a living experience is placed into its historic context, tracing it back to ancient practices that were revived and lived on in many forms of mysticism, old and new. It is shown how Hegelian philosophy was influenced by Judaic Cabalism and how Hegel’s living dialectic as a way to reach truth experientially in art lived on in Nietzsche’s philosophy and found its way into the neo-Marxist philosophy of the Frankfurt School. The author draws from his personal experience as Adorno’s student, as an actor, theater director, organic farmer, and father of five children.
3. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 16 > Issue: 5/6
Maryann Krieglstein Spirituality and Social Work
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In discussing social work and spirituality this paper will: list social work’s core values, language, and personal qualities that connect to spirituality; give a brief historical perspective that has led to social work’s struggle with the concepts of “religion” and “spirituality”; explain the present position of social work toward religion and spirituality and examine some of the controversies; present some current definitions of “religion” and “spirituality”; define different types of spirituality; and end with the concept of “relational spirituality” and its connection to social work.
4. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 16 > Issue: 5/6
Beata Elwich, Ella Chmielewska The Icon: Spirituality and Philosophy
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5. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 16 > Issue: 5/6
Ewa Paśnik A Report From Interdisciplinary Course: Philosophy, Science and Spirituality
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transformation of marxism
6. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 16 > Issue: 5/6
Kevin M. Brien Humanistic Marxism and the Transformation of Reason
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This paper will open with a focus on alienated and unfree activity as it is presented by Marx in his famous Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844. My concern will be to bring out the most central dimensions of his view of such activity including: the alienated relation in such activity to other people, to one’s own activity, to the products of one’s activity, to the natural world, etc. Moreover, I will be especially concerned to bring out the mode of reason that is embedded within alienated activity, as well as the kind of relation between cognition, conation, sensory experience, feeling, (etc.) that Marx projects as obtaining in such activity. Following this I will make a dialectical extrapolation from the analysis of alienated activity that Marx gives us, and go on to present a sketch of a humanistic-Marxist interpretation of unalienated and free activity. This will be seen to involve not only a very different structural relation to other people, to one’s own activity, and to the natural world than the one that obtains in alienated activity—but also a very different structural relation between cognition, conation, sensoryexperience, feeling, (etc.). Then I will give a sketch of a praxis-oriented interpretation of historical materialism, which will serve to bring out the historicity of reason, and the historicity of the modes of rationality that prevail at various stages in world history. The last section of this paper will argue: (1) that a transformation of reason is a real possibility; (2) that a transformation of reason in the direction of the kind of unalienated and free activity I have delineated earlier offers the best hope for a human future and a sustainable relation to the natural world; and also (3) that at this juncture in human history it has now become a practical necessity, if humankind is to lift itself out of the mounting world crisis—spiritual and otherwise—in which we are all enmeshed.
7. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 16 > Issue: 5/6
Stephanie Theodoru Alienated Labor: Comments on Kevin Brien on Marx’s Notion
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8. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 16 > Issue: 5/6
Halina Walentowicz Max Horkheimer and His Philosophy
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The author advances the thesis that Max Horkheimer’s philosophy is a social one, the constitutive element of which is historiosophy. Contrary to the interpretative stereotype, dominating the philosophical literature, the Author strives to prove that Max Horkheimer’s philosophical point of view—that he calls the critical theory—is distinguished by its uniformity, because albeit the critical theory evaluated under the influence of the 20th-century Europe turbulent history, left its identity intact. The Author thinks that the identity of the critical theory has two major indicators: 1. a visible criticism of the founding father of the Frankfurt philosophical school throughout his intellectual development towards the socio-historical circumstances that deprives the intellectual unity of autonomy and suppresses an independent thought and 2. the inconsolable thirst of changing things into better ones. Three stages of the development of Horkheimer’s philosophical conception have been depicted and briefly characterized in the article: prewar (the forming of the evidence of the critical theory), wartime (thehistoriosophical conception depicting the auto destruction of enlightenment) and postwar (the prediction of “an administered world”).
study of wisdom
9. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 16 > Issue: 5/6
Stanisław Kowalczyk Topicality of St. Augustine’s Concept of Wisdom
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St. Augustine’s idea of wisdom partly studied by H. I. Marrou, F. Cayré, J. Maritain and E. Gilson, is more universal than Aristotle’s or Thomas Aquinas’. For the Bishop of Hippo the term sapientia can designate, on the supernatural plane, God’s nature, the life of grace, contemplation of God, and, on the natural plane, contemplation of truth or even man’s ethical life.The purpose of this paper is to examine in what relationship theoretical wisdom, which Augustine identifies with philosophy, and learning stand to each other. Wisdom is a universal and genetic knowledge of the world, while learning is the knowledge of the particular and phenomenon. The object of wisdom is the world of the spirit that of learning is the material world. Wisdom and learning, even though they may be opposed, do not exclude one another. Their development precisely depends on their mutual harmonious cooperation, but sapiential knowledge keeping the guiding role.
next step in the philosophy of dialogue?
10. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 16 > Issue: 5/6
Józef Baniak The Poznań “School” of Dialogic Thinking
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11. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 16 > Issue: 5/6
Olha Kotovska From Cognition of the Other to Compassionate Wisdom
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The paper defines dialogic rationality and shows a rational path and understanding from the individual point of view. A separate discipline or discourse should coordinate the urgent need of deeper emotional transformation (metanoia) and explore the appearance of inner spiritual connectedness. This will establish the importance of every unique creature in the universe. Consequently in postmodernism, epistemology can no longer be accomplished by a “clear” cognitive theory, separated from ontological and anthropological elements. Cognition can no longer progress to an unchangeable, non-falsifiable knowledge, because of changes within the object’s inner ontological level. Thus an observer can only interpret the phenomena but can never say “the last word”. Human cognition is based on time-coordinates when an observer tries to make a projection before the future has come. Yet existing now, it also contains the step back to the past as a shore of memory, experience, and knowledge. In this view history is considered to be non-linear—it is a complicated forward process, still continuously going back to the origin of human correlations with nature. A dialogic approach does not reject the importance of self-organizing processes, but tries to compose a sphere of acknowledgeable co-existence with the other to save the whole specter of human physical and mental, existential and creational features. Facing rational or mystical, but still radical, transformation, we get a sense of self-existence and can actively work and challenge ourselves to realize this in every-day life and in communication with the other.
12. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 16 > Issue: 5/6
Werner Krieglstein A Compassionate View of the Other. A Comment to Olha Kotovska’s Paper “From Cognition of the Other to Compassionate Wisdom”
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13. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 16 > Issue: 5/6
Ihor Zahara Comments on Olha Kotovska’s Paper “From the Cognition the Other to Compassionate Wisdom”
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14. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 16 > Issue: 5/6
Krzysztof Wieczorek Comments on Olha Kotovska Paper “From the Cognition the Other to Compassionate Wisdom”
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universalization versus globalization
15. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 16 > Issue: 5/6
Anna Murdoch Diversity and Complementarity of Cultures as Principles of Universal Civilization
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Hofstede’s cultural values framework has been applied in a study looking at possible relations between migration streams and their country of destinations. The study is based on a model which consists of three factors: Human Resources Management, Culture Dimensions and Migration and it points out their non-linear relationship. Migration outflows from Poland in 2002 are measured against culture dimensions (both in Poland and destinations countries) and power distance emerges as the most influential possible “pull” factor. A list of positive and negative implications of the Human Resources Management, Migration and Culture Dimensions relationship on a personal, corporate and national level is presented.
16. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 16 > Issue: 5/6
Florentina Constantin Migration, Culture and Classic Factors. Can We Operationalise Culture Dimensions in a Meaningful Way? Comments to Anna Murdoch’s “Diversity and Complementarity of Cultures as Principles of Universal Civilization”
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17. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 16 > Issue: 5/6
Grażyna Bartkowiak Practical Aspects of a Social Responsibility in Business
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The subject of the article is social responsibility of business and the role of social responsibility in the daily activity of companies as reliable partners in business.The paper consists of two parts: the theoretical one and the empirical one. In the theoretical part the author describes the areas of social responsibility and the examples of socially responsible actions. In the empirical part the author presents the research study carried out in the following groups of respondents: managerial staff and employees of Polish and French medium—sized companies.The results of the study show that both in Poland and in France there is awareness of the importance and the rank of the phenomenon in question. In Poland, however, socially irresponsible actions are usually ignored as “natural”.
memory and warning—the abyss of nihilism
18. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 16 > Issue: 5/6
Karolina Krysińska, David Lester The Contribution of Psychology to the Study of the Holocaust
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Numerous scholars, representing various fields of knowledge, have studied the Holocaust and published extensively on this subject since the end of the Second World War. Many original Holocaust documents, diaries and memoirs of victims and survivors have been edited and published, along with numerous historical, philosophical and theological treaties on the Shoah. The goal of this paper is to present psychology’s contribution to the study of the Holocaust. The authors discuss results of empirical research and clinical observations concerning the long-term consequences of this trauma (the KZ/survivor syndrome), adaptation and coping skills of survivors, the phenomenon of transgenerational transmission of trauma and intrapsychic and interpersonal functioning of the children of survivors (the Second Generation). They present epidemiological data and psychological mechanisms of attempted and committed suicide among the Jews during the persecutions and deportations, as well as suicide in the ghettos and concentration camps, and among the Holocaust survivors. In the paper a short description ofpsychotherapy and other forms of psychological help available to the Holocaust survivors and their children is also presented. Last but not least, it is discussed how the knowledge of the psycho-social consequences of the Holocaust can be used by psychologists in their work with victims and survivors of other genocides and traumas.
philosophical chronicle
19. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 16 > Issue: 5/6
Jakub Kloc-Konkołowicz Professor Marek J. Siemek Receives Honorary Doctorate From Friedrich Wilhelm University, Bonn
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20. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 16 > Issue: 5/6
Hasmik Hovhannisyan The International Academy for Philosophy
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The main objectives of the International Academy of Philosophy are: to join efforts internationally to stimulate the philosophical mind; to enhance the development of philosophy; to facilitate collaboration in the sphere of philosophy among well-known scholars and educational institutions and establishments; to serve the dissemination of academic values and the development of education and philosophy on the international level.