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Dialogue and Universalism

Volume 18, Issue 4/6, 2008
What Does it Mean to Be Really?

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Displaying: 1-10 of 26 documents


1. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 18 > Issue: 4/6
Jerzy A. Janik Science—Religion—History 8th Seminar
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2. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 18 > Issue: 4/6
Jerzy A. Janik The Seminar Opens
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3. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 18 > Issue: 4/6
Włodzimierz Kołos Can a Physicist Afford not To Be a Platonic?
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Differences between macro and microphysics. How do we come to know the world? Theories—can they be beautiful? Cloakroom principle. Microparticles are identical—conssquences. Platonian beings.
4. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 18 > Issue: 4/6
Zbigniew Jacyna-Onyszkiewicz Existence Versus Consciousness
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A theocentric model of reality based on the postulate that God is love, which explains the frameworks of mathematical formalism of quantum theory and solves basic problems in interpretation of this theory, has been proposed. The model proposed is metaphysical and thanks to the use of the mathematical language it may bring important implications concerning a general structure of fundamental physical theories.
5. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 18 > Issue: 4/6
Zbigniew Jacyna-Onyszkiewicz Annexes
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6. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 18 > Issue: 4/6
Jerzy A. Janik A Philosophizing Physicist’s Problems with Existence
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In philosophy /ontology/ as well as in physics one deals with various kinds of ESSE. Quantum objects do not obey the Bell inequalities, which are natural for macroscopic objects. Some beings may be real but not actual. Actual beings are those which show up NOW. For a physicist this seems to correspond to a reduction of the wave packet. Existence in an atractor.
7. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 18 > Issue: 4/6
Józef Życiński The Ontology of Possible Worlds
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The recent scientific discoveries cast a new light on the classical distinction between the actual and the possible. A creative elaboration upon this theme, stimulated by works on modal logic and controversies around the semantics of Kripke, has been developed in contemporary discussions on epistemological aspects of quantum cosmology and on ontological preconditions of genetic determinants.Proceeding from new scientific theories, in the paper an attempt is undertaken to determine the ontological structure of nature in which one satisfactorily explains new data implied by these theories. In the context of contemporary physical discoveries the very concept of possible being is reinterpreted. A new version of moderate Platonism is proposed in a form of modified modal actualism. Its classical counterpart was earlier developed by Robert C. Stalnaker and Alvin Plantinga in their ontology of the possible worlds.
8. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 18 > Issue: 4/6
Władysław Stróżewski On Modes of Existence (a Review of Selected Positions)
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Problems connected with the questions of: being-nonbeing, existence, modes of existence and alike, belong to the basic and most important in metaphysics. The article discusses some answers to the aforementioned issues, as proposed by the ancient philosophers, St Thomas Aquinas, R. Ingarden and A.N. Whitehead. In the Appendix some remarks are made on Aristotle’s and S. Thomas’ theory of act and potency.
9. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 18 > Issue: 4/6
Aleksander Koj Mechanisms of the Ontogenesis of Living Creatures
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1. Living organisms are characterized by complexity and uniqueness of structure, as well as by specific pattern of changes during ontogenesis programmed in their own genome.2. Although general mechanisms of gene expression and regulation are well understood, our knowledge of spatial morphogenesis is rather limited and patchy despite discovery of homeotic genes.3. Developmental biology is able to explain principles of formation of neuronal network in the brain, whereas neurophysiology provides detailed information on the role of various neurotransmitters, but we still do not understand the essence of consciousness, and even more self-consciousness of the man.4. Some philosophical theories trying to explain the nature of self-consciousness, such as parallelism and interactionism, are briefly discussed.
10. Dialogue and Universalism: Volume > 18 > Issue: 4/6
Jan Krawczyk Cooperation or Defection Strategies of Conduct in Conflict-Prone Situations
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The simple model of conflict-prone situations called Prisoner’s Dilemma is discussed. Whereas the best strategy for the model is to defect, in the case of its iterated version (Iterated Prisoner’s Dilemma—IPD) it is possible and more profitable to cooperate with the opponent.The simple strategy called Tit for Tat (TFT) which is easy to recognize, never defects first, punishes every defection but is also forgiving is presented. The TFT strategy is very successful being able to establish the cooperation with its opponents. The possible outcome of the competition between the TFT strategy and non-cooperative strategies is considered. It turns out that even small number of TFT strategies can overcome the greater number of more “egoistic” strategies.The described model can give the better understanding of some psychological, sociological and biological processes as well as help to propagate the altruistic attitudes in the society.