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Displaying: 1-10 of 22 documents


1. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Aida Farhat Le Statut Personnel: Exemple : Le Serment du Dos (zihâr)
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In this article, I will try to explain the meaning of the word zihâr, translated as oath of the back, trying only to situate it in its context and to bring an elucidation of the subject`s origin. The zihâr is a type of repudiation used by a husband against his wife in the times of gâhiliyya (the ante-Islamic period), by using a solemn divorce formula which consists in saying: "let (her) be from now on as the back of my mother". Therefore, backing up on this formula, I want to try to clarify this concept.
2. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Costantino Paonessa Il diritto di famiglia in Egitto: lo "Stato" nel ruolo di interprete della Legge islamica
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The Islamic contestation of the last twenty years has in many aspects called into question the legitimacy of current juridical systems of supposedly MuslimCountries. Their adoption of another rationality of the law is today a well affirmed process but has left many consequences.In the article we will try to explain in which way the šarî'a, being a religious law, is completely controlled by the usage given to it by the State through the supremacy of the Constitution, its means, institutions and actors. It is therefore a question of the level of its integration into « the law » of various countries with the emphasis on the necessity of change of perspective, where the "secularisation of Islamic law" should rather be regarded as "islamisation of the Positive law", at least when referring to Family law and, above all, when dealing with specific political conditions.
3. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Guy Trolliet Should Businesses and Corporations Set up a "Department of Islamic affairs"?
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In a world in which globalisation has opened the access to Muslim countries, Muslim community having been identified as a distinctive high potential market, the question if businesses and corporations should set up a „Department of Islamic affairs" became more than pertinent.
4. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Daniel Ungureanu Between Islamism and Islam
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Islamism is a form of political and religious utopia, created by the Arab-Muslim world, as an ideological alternative to the invasion of modern western doctrines: communism, socialism, liberalism, capitalism etc. This political and ideological current appears to some as a substitute for nationalism, which lost its appealin many Muslim countries, due to the application of a „socialist" model, as well as due to the deception that emerges from the successive defeats in the fight with the Israeli enemy. The anti-Occidentalism of this movement is seen as a side effect in the fight against laicization, against materialism and moral degradation.
5. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Carmen Cozma In Quest of the Measure's Restoration
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The acute consciousness of the moral crisis we face today makes us to inquire after the philosophy's opportunities in finding a viable way to overcome seriousworries concerning life, world, and human being. We think that the ethical value of measure and the correlated principle of "golden mean" could enlighten, on a high level, our understanding upon the real needs and purposes to be identified in assuming and cultivating a fitting attitude to an authentic humanness in accordance with the demands of nowadays characteristics of the globalization development. Returning to the measure's integrator meaning that has been acknowledged by the Ancient thinkers of the Western culture, in this essay we try to emphasize the capital significance of the notion at stake, beyond any particularities of temporal and spatial context, like a basic philosophical concept to be explored and activated in its valences of promoting and increasing the quality of life. We pronounce for the necessity of measure's restoration in which, first of all, our moral status in the world has to be grounded. More than ever, weneed to recover the measure as a guide in shaping human deliberations, choices, decisions making, actions into a constructive orbit, into equilibrium and order, security and harmony, into Good and Right, by commitment, respect for and responsibility toward the whole life on Terra. A culture of measure, eventually, is fully worth to be displayed in the framework of the moral philosophy in driving at the human well-being and at the wellness of the total existence, alike.
6. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
David Cornberg Semiotics as a Pathway to Spiritual Science: From the Culture of Addiction to Absolute Freedom
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The continuing growth of semiotics signifies increased awareness of global communicative processes. Expansion of the communicative universe through semiotic research furthers the transformation of our contemporary experience. Semiotics thus provides a means to articulate transmodernity. We validate this assertion through semiotic analysis of an everyday object, by which we discover an infinite horizon. With that horizon, we transcend the global culture of addiction and reach the spiritual science that is necessary to develop a lasting paradigm for humankind.
7. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Nicolae Râmbu Axiological Reflections about Don Quijote
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This paper is about Cervante's hero, Don Quijote, who is not, axiological speaking, a comical character, as he was usually viewed, but a profound and tragicfigure. He is the idealist who believes sincerely in the high values and ideals and fights for their accomplishment. Don Quijote is like a mirror in which is reflected the moral pettiness of the others, and this is the reason for his hard punishment. The reputation of the nicest crazy man on earth represents such punishment.
8. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Horia Bádescu La Fête Perdue
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The lost celebration. To live the sacred, that means to admit its presence in the world and to celebrate this presence; respectively, to affirm the presence of its absolute value, of the Meaning, finally, in the horizon of harmony and joy, and to fill up ourselves by that. In nowadays, do we really know to live the feast, namely the feast of our spirit? Do we still have the wish and the wisdom to institute sacred times and spaces, to offer our soul to the joy and not to the manipulation, to the ritual and not to the rut-ness? Are we able to escape from the tyranny of clamor and of instinct? These are questions to which we are trying to find some answers in our essay.
9. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Aleksandra Pawliszyn Archaeology of the Body and Womanhood
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The subject of the paper is a philosophical analysis of the womanhood in the context of M. Merleau-Ponty`s ontology of corporeality (la chair). The womanhood is grasped (after Levinas) as a cosmic element, penetrating the tissue of the embodiment of the logos of the world. As an element of the same ontological level as death, the womanhood on the one hand brakes up the stability instilled in the human world and introduces an anxiety into a plural entity. On the other hand it also brings in a vigil, which generates responsibility for the stability instilled in the human world.
10. Cultura International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology: Volume > 5 > Issue: 2
Kazimierz Mrówka Les Routes de Nuit et de Jour. L'analyse du fragment B1 du Poème de Parménide
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In my article I analyze one fragment (B1) of the poem On Nature of Parmenides, which introduces the entire work. I describe the journey of the young man,from darkness to light, as a mystic way to the Truth (Aletheia), the way of gnosis.