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Displaying: 1-20 of 33 documents

1. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 13
Christopher Shannon Symposium: A Catholic Approach To History
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The growing sway of postmodernism over the intellectual life of the contemporary academy has lead many scholars to question conventional, post-Enlightenment notions of objectivity in historical inquiry. As universal History gives way to particular histories rooted in racial, ethnic, class, or gender identities, Catholics need to rethink their relation to objectivity. The current postmodern moment provides an opportunity for Catholics to reclaim a distinctly Catholic approach to history. Catholics may applaud the deconstruction of Enlightenment objectivity without endorsing a facile relativism in which Catholicismappears as simply one among many competing perspectives. Catholics should read postmodernism itself as a distortion of certain authentic Catholic insights on the need to root inquiry in authoritative communities of interpretation. Catholic history may benefit from the rigorous empirical standards of modern secular history, but it must never let those standards serve as the ultimate arbiter of the moral and spiritual truths that speak to us through history. The patristic traditionof the “four senses of scripture” offers a fruitful model for how postmodern Catholic historians might order the empirical and spiritual concerns of historical inquiry.
2. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 13
Thomas W. Jodziewicz A Response from Thomas W. Jodziewicz
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3. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 13
John F. Quinn A Response from John F. Quinn
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4. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 13
Paul Radzilowski A Response from Paul Radzilowski
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5. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 13
Adam L. Tate A Response from Adam L. Tate
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6. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 13
Susan E. Hanssen “English in Spirit”: G. K. Chesterton, Church and State, and the 1906 Education Act Debate
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The efforts of Liberals to complete the project of a universal non-sectarian public education system launched in 1870 came to a head with their victory in the election of 1906. Liberals identified two popular Liberal essayists, Augustine Birrell and G. K. Chesterton, as leaders who could shepherd through a new religious education compromise as Secretary of Education and vox populi respectively. The failure of the bill, which has had repercussions lasting to today—can be attributed to the resistance of Conservatives in the House of Lords, to the political mishandling of Augustine Birrell, and to G. K. Chesterton’s unexpected opposition.
7. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 13
Patrick Foley Catholics Of The South: Historical Perspectives
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As the historical study of various aspects of American society has unfolded over the course of centuries, the terms “Catholic” and “South” have matured as specific identifications of peoples with clear and precise heritages. But far too often these identities have been victimized, made unclear, through certain scholarly purviews of authors writing the histories. One noticeable tendency long present in the publishing of American history textbooks, for example, has been theover-focusing on the English heritage of the American story at the expense of a more in-depth and accurate look at the Spanish historical legacy. Thus the Protestant Anglican narrative, even today, oftentimes tends to be biased and over-stated. Certainly this is true in Texas where your author lives. Just look, for example, at the manner in which the Alamo is handled. Or again, study how the U.S. invasion of Mexico in 1846 frequently is taught in our schools. Clearly, within this context, the American South and the Roman Catholic history of the United States, particularly in the South, needs to be presented more accurately. It isthe several perspectives of this need to seek historical truth in these areas more accurately that this essay will search out.
8. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 13
Gary D. Glenn Is Secularism the End of Liberalism? Reflections on Europe’s Demographic Decline Drawing on Pope Benedict, Habermas, Nietzsche and Strauss
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Europe is infected by a strange lack of desire for the future. Children, our future, are perceived as a threat to the present, as if they were taking something away from our lives. Children are seen as a liability rather than as a source of hope. There is a clear comparison between today’s situation and the decline of the Roman Empire. In its final days, Rome still functioned as a great historical framework, but in practice it was already subsisting on models that were destined to fail. Its vital energy had been depleted.
9. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 13
Rupert J. Ederer A Principle for Economics
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The principle of solidarity is critical for the social order overall. The Catholic Church in its social teachings since Leo XIII has emphasized its importance and relevance specifically for the economic order. First termed “social charity” by Pius XI in Quadragesimo Anno (1931), solidarity was then declared by John Paul II to be “a Christian virtue,” in Sollicitudo Rei Socialis (1987), and identified as the “principle of solidarity” in Centesimus Annus (1991). Three leading economic system-builders recognized it, which suggests its roots in the natural law. Adam Smith, after indicating its implicit presence in the division of labor, subsequently rejected it in favor of self-interest. Karl Marx distorted it into a class concept by confining its application to the proletariat. Only Heinrich Pesch, S. J. made it the basic principle for all sectors of the economic system and throughout the social order.
10. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 13
Eric Gudan Karen Horney And Personal Vocation
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Karen Horney held that neurosis originates in emotional insecurity. The neurotic forms an unrealistic ideal of what the person should be which is separated from the actual innate capacities and the concrete circumstances of the person and traps the neurotic in an impossible task. While her theory lacks development regarding psychological health, a Christian ethics of motivation for action and personal vocation can enrich her understanding of how a psychologically healthy person proceeds. Germaine Grisez’s concept of personal vocation outlines a framework whereby psychologically healthy persons act and realize their real capacities within particular circumstances. Morality serves as the foundation for self-fulfillment.
11. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 13
E. Christian Brugger Christian Integrative Reasoning: Reflections on the Nature of Integrating Clinical Psychology with Catholic Faith and Philosophy
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This article proposes a model for the project of integrating the field of clinical psychology with Catholic intellectual tradition. “Integration” here is understood as the project by which psychology’s understanding of the human person is illuminated and perfected by drawing on anthropological knowledge from outside psychology, specifically from Catholic philosophy and divine revelation. The article sets forth a definition of integration in the form of six principles. Ratherthan formulating the principles as descriptive premises (e.g., “six propositions defining integration”), they are formulated as habits of mind, intellectual qualities that one possesses, and when possessed, capacitate one to do Christian scholarly integration. The model is flexible enough to be adapted for use in integrating other social sciences, as well as, to some degree, the hard sciences.
12. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 13
Guido Giacomo Preparata Un(for)giving: Bataille, Derrida and the Postmodern Denial of the Gift
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Georges Bataille, along with Thorstein Veblen, Marcel Mauss, Rudolf Steiner, and Karl Polanyi, may be considered an exponent of a school of thought alternative, if not antagonistic, to Liberal economics—a school which may be called “the political economy of the Gift.” The economists of the Gift” analyze economic performance mostly through a society’s use of its surplus. What differentiates Bataille from the others, however, is his obsessive insistence that wholesome, disinterested ways of giving are, in fact, an impossibility. To Bataille, all acts of munificence throughout history have been but manifestations of abarbarous appetite to outshine others, either in peace through sumptuary expenditure, or in war through holocaust and sacrifice. This characterization of human conduct has become a tenet of the late anti-humanist discourse by way of Jacques Derrida, who recycled Bataille’s polemic in the eighties. It is thus curious to observe how, in the end, Bataille’s anti-Liberal radicalism has brought his postmodern followers to converge with the Liberal school, which itself belittles the power of selfless donation and the significance of gift-exchange.
13. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 13
Richard S. Myers Rethinking the Religion Clauses of the First Amendment: Reflections on Recent Scholarship
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There has been much ferment in the church-state field for some time. Despite the many book-length treatments of the issue, these scholarly efforts dealing with the Religion Clauses of the First Amendment show no sign of abating. This article considers two recent, noteworthy efforts: Noah Feldman's Divided By God: America's Church-State Problem—And What We Should Do About It (2005) and Patrick M. Garry's Wrestling with God: The Courts' Tortuous Treatment of Religion (2006). The article provides an overview of both books and then discusses the lessons that can be learned from considering these very different books. In the end, Garry's book, which offers a more convincing historical survey and recognizes the special value of religion, offers more constructive insights about how we ought to move forward in this contentious area of the law.
14. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 13
Frank J. Cavaioli Patterns of Italian Immigration to the United States
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From the colonial period to the present, Italians have migrated to the American nation, but that migration has been irregular. Throughout modern history Italy has been the source of emigration, especially to the United States. In recent years, Italy’s population has stabilized and immigration to the United States is minimal. This essay will examine the irregular pattern of Italian immigration to the United States, its causes, and why and when it developed. Americanimmigration policy will be examined as it affected Italian immigration. Interwoven in the text will be official census data accompanied by an analysis of that data. Finally, concluding commentary will be made concerning the degree of Italian (American) identity in the contemporary, diverse United States.
15. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 13
Gregory R. Beabout Catholicism and Religious Freedom: Contemporary Reflections on Vatican II’s Declaration on Religious Liberty, Grasso, Kenneth L. and Robert P. Hunt, editors
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16. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 13
Anne Hendershott The Natural Family: a Manifesto by Carlson, Allan C. and Paul T. Mero
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17. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 13
Carson Holloway A Century of Horrors: Communism, Nazism, and the Uniqueness of the Shoah by Alain Besançon, Translated by Ralph C. Hancock and Nathaniel H. Hancock
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18. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 13
Emil Berendt Within the Market Strife: American Catholic Economic Thought from Rerum Novarum to Vatican II by Kevin E. Schmiesing
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19. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 13
Randall Jay Woodard The Biblical Truth About America’s Death Penalty by Dale S. Recinella
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20. Catholic Social Science Review: Volume > 13
Thomas D. Watts God and the Welfare State by Lew Daly
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