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Displaying: 1-10 of 952 documents

1. Business and Professional Ethics Journal: Volume > 37 > Issue: 1
John Dobson, Mahdi Rastad Women on Boards: EU Board Gender Quotas, and Why the US Should Avoid Them
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In recent years, the US, UK, and Continental Europe have pursued board gender diversity through markedly different means. Several European countries have imposed mandatory quotas, whereas the UK and US are relying on the endogenous mechanisms of social pressure and shareholder proposals respectively. Despite their obvious allure as a means of bringing about rapid change, evidence is mounting that European board gender diversity quotas may yield various deleterious side effects; and quotas may not be as successful in their core aim of promoting gender diversity as initial broad statistical measures indicated. In this paper we critique the European quota regime, and consider US shareholder proposals as an alternative change mechanism for improving gender diversity in corporate boards. We note the lack of shareholder representative democracy in Europe and conclude with the policy recommendation that, rather than extending quotas, European governments should focus on empowering shareholders.
2. Business and Professional Ethics Journal: Volume > 37 > Issue: 1
Seumas Miller The Global Banking Sector: Corruption, Institutional Purpose, and Economic Justice
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Corrupt, unethical and imprudent practices in the global banking sector have been identified as among the causes of the Global Financial Crisis (GFC). In this paper I (1) provide an analysis of institutional corruption that enables institutional corruption within the global banking sector to be (a) viewed in relation to economic injustice, and (b) demarcated from the unfortunate consequences of unavoidably risky market-based activity, poor judgment, ill-informed policy-making etc.; (2) argue for an understanding of and response to institutional corruption in the global banking sector that is holistic i.e., focuses on institutional purpose, industry structure and banking culture rather than simply structure or culture; and (3) argue for an account of moral responsibility for corruption and economic injustice in the global banking sector, and for combating it, in terms of meta-collective responsibility, a specific notion of collective moral responsibility that does not allow individual human actors to evade responsibility.
3. Business and Professional Ethics Journal: Volume > 37 > Issue: 1
Jim Peterson Auditor Independence: Does the Gate-Keeper Function Retain Its Value?
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The concept of “auditor independence”—that the provider of assurance on financial information should be free of conflicting interests—is deeply embedded in the world’s capital markets. This paper examines stresses on the global model of Big Audit that call into question both the basis and the ongoing usefulness of auditor independence: The threats to the stability of the model, based on the dominance of the Big Four international accounting networks in providing audit services to the world’s large public companies. The balance between benefits and detriments of the independence requirements, and standards that are difficult to articulate and enforce. The implications for the continued value of independent assurance emerging from the evolution in Big Data tools and analytics, including the structural constraints of regulation. A broad re-examination is called for, in aide of the design of a sustainable public-company assurance model that is fit for purpose in the twenty-first century.
4. Business and Professional Ethics Journal: Volume > 37 > Issue: 1
Maria Anne Schmidt, Daniel Cracau A Cross-Country Comparison of the Corporate Social Responsibility Orientation in Germany and Qatar: An Empirical Study among Business Students
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Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is a phenomenon of increasing interest. Today, it is practiced in most countries around the globe and studied in various fields of academia. However, the focus still lies on Western developed countries, their understanding, and implementation of CSR. This paper focuses on the comparison of the orientation towards CSR in Germany and Qatar, thereby closing a research gap by providing insights from a Middle Eastern country. Based on a survey among 265 business students in both countries, the research examines their perception of the economic, legal, ethical, and philanthropic responsibilities of a firm. Findings suggest that, next to economic obligations, Qataris appear more willing to support philanthropic activities of a business while Germans highly value ethical standards. Moreover, females in both countries value economic responsibilities less important than males do.
5. Business and Professional Ethics Journal: Volume > 37 > Issue: 1
Hengli Zhang, Michael Davis Engineering Ethics in China: A Century of Discussion, Organization, and Codes
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This article describes China’s century-long concern with the professional ethics of engineers, especially a succession of codes of engineering ethics going back at least to 1933. This description is the result both of our own archival research and of “philosophical history”, the application of concepts from the philosophy of professions to the facts historians (or we) have discovered. Engineers, historians, social scientists, and philosophers of technology, as well as students of professional ethics, should find this description interesting. It certainly provides a reason to wonder whether those who write about codes of professional ethics as if they were an Anglo-American export unlikely to put down roots elsewhere might have overlooked many early codes outside English-speaking countries. While code writers in China plainly learned from Western codes, the Chinese codes were not mere copies of their Western counterparts. Indeed, the Chinese codes sometimes differed inventively from Western codes in form (for example, being wholly positive) or content (for example, protecting local culture).
6. Business and Professional Ethics Journal: Volume > 37 > Issue: 1
Notes on Contributors
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7. Business and Professional Ethics Journal: Volume > 36 > Issue: 3
Liao Shen-bai Toward a Basic Mutual Understanding between Confucian and Aristotelian Virtue Ethics
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It is important for philosophers to find out positive approaches for increasing mutual understanding on those fundamental questions in both the Confucian and Aristotelian traditions of doing virtue ethics. The Aristotelian concept of the good and the Confucian concept of dao pose a question about the way human beings see the final principle of ethics. Staying within the realm of human life, Confucius develops two co-related perspectives of seeing the dao of human being. The first perspective sees the dao as standing for the ultimate truth and goodness for human beings. Setting aside the Aristotelian metaphysics of nous, this conception does not stand that far removed from Aristotle’s view of the good. The second perspective sees the dao as the right way for individuals to start. This notion seems far from Aristotle’s view of right choice. The reason is that Confucius’s manner of comprehension embraces both understanding and insight, while that of Aristotle focuses solely on understanding. But Aristotle’s concept of right choice is, in some indirect way, related to Confucius’s view of the right way. For both Confucius and Aristotle, the right way refers to our initiating acting on something connected to the end with no more thinking.
8. Business and Professional Ethics Journal: Volume > 36 > Issue: 3
Gina Vega Volkswagen: Business as Usual
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This paper describes the general disregard for relationships that leads to unethical behavior in business as well as in one’s personal life, using an illustration from 4,000 years ago and from today. Volkswagen has been characterized as just one more example of ethical violations that lead to long-lasting environmental, financial, and personal impacts. The story of Jacob’s life reflects the origin of this type of ethical behavior and stands in parallel to the eighty-year history of the Volkswagen corporation.
9. Business and Professional Ethics Journal: Volume > 36 > Issue: 3
Mark S. Schwartz, W. Michael Hoffman Ethical Decision Making Surveyed through the Lens of Moral Imagination
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This paper attempts to build on the contribution to moral imagination theory by Patricia Werhane by further integrating moral imagination with new theoretical developments that have taken place in the business ethics field. To accomplish this objective, part one will review the concept of moral imagination, from its definitional origins to its full theoretical conceptualization. Part two will provide a brief literature review of how moral imagination has been applied in empirical research. Part three will analyze and apply the construct of moral imagination as it relates to the key process stages of ethical decision making including awareness, judgment, intention, and behavior. Immoral imagination is then discussed, along with other behavioral ethics concepts as they relate to moral imagination. The paper concludes with potential future research directions, as well as teaching and managerial implications for the moral imagination construct.
10. Business and Professional Ethics Journal: Volume > 36 > Issue: 3
Edward J. Romar, Anthony Graybosch The Dao of Business
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Using Daoism expressed by Chuang Tzu and the Confucianism in The Analects, The Great Learning, and the Mencius, this paper compares and contrasts Daoism and Confucianism as business ethics. In addition, it applies Daoism and Confucianism to several business cases.