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1. The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly: Volume > 21 > Issue: 4
Edward J. Furton In This Issue
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2. The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly: Volume > 21 > Issue: 4
Cara Buskmiller Colloquy
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3. The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly: Volume > 21 > Issue: 4
Arina O. Grossu Washington Insider
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4. The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly: Volume > 21 > Issue: 4
Jenny Ingles Long-Term Contraceptive Use in Cases of Repeated Marital Rape
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Directive 36 of the Ethical and Religious Directives for Catholic Health Care Services gives guidance to health care professionals on the reactive administration of contraceptives to women in instances of isolated rape. This paper examines the moral permissibility of long-term proactive contraceptive use in instances of repeated marital rape by comparing it to the moral permissibility of reactive contraceptive use in cases of isolated rape found in directive 36.
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5. The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly: Volume > 21 > Issue: 4
Rev. James McTavish, MD, Rev. Tadeusz Pacholczyk Clarifying Key Issues around Conversion Therapy
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Persons who identity as LGBTQ+ should be treated with respect, compassion, and sensitivity. Under the guise of helping such persons, legislation is surreptitiously appearing in several countries seeking to ban so-called conversion therapy. While the definition of the term remains concerningly vague, the terms of enforcement for alleged offences tend to be precisely delineated, often including provisions that curtail Christian catechesis, teaching, and preaching in the areas of human dignity and sexuality. These problematic and repressive initiatives can prevent access to any psychotherapy that is not strictly gender-affirming. This article reviews and assesses conversion therapy in support of a judicious approach to the practice, accurately understood. It reviews past abuses and misunderstandings while considering the merits of conversion therapy and related therapeutic and pastoral approaches. Concerns about gender-affirming interventions are considered, especially for youth and teenagers, and efficacy claims around conversion therapies and related psychotherapies are also discussed.
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6. The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly: Volume > 21 > Issue: 4
Elisabeth Parish A Metaphysical Account of the Placenta as a Shared Organ
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Although there is discussion among ethicists about the permissibility of actions on the antenatal placenta, these discussions rarely take seriously the metaphysics involved. Rather, authors resort to opinion on how the placenta comes to be and for whose good it exists. This paper takes these metaphysical questions seriously. Through discussion of the biology of the placenta, I conclude that it is a shared organ of the mother and the fetus. In an analogy to the ethics of conjoined twinning, I conclude that actions on the placenta must take the good of both the mother and the fetus into account.
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7. The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly: Volume > 21 > Issue: 4
Ryan Uchison Dred Scott, Roe, and Dehumanization in the American Legal System
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Abortion jurisprudence in the United States has been criticized by many for allowing the destruction of millions of lives. What many may not know is that the Supreme Court decision which legalized abortion in all fifty states was very similar to another Supreme Court decision, namely, Dred Scott v. Sanford. The parallels between these two cases are astounding, revealing how dehumanization, while a very old idea, is almost always achieved through the same means. A legal analysis of Roe v. Wade, and subsequently Planned Parenthood v. Casey, shows that these cases are both morally and legally unjustified. Just like Dred Scott, Roe, by dehumanizing a specific group of individuals, is a case which does not belong in the American legal system.
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8. The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly: Volume > 21 > Issue: 4
Derek M. Doroski, Caleb L. Estep Examining When Life Begins by Explaining Fission and Fusion in the Human Organism
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The question of when human life begins is critical in debates related to life issues. While there are a variety of proposals as to how an organism should be defined, many biologists and ethicists, particularly Catholics, have approached this issue by arguing that fertilization defines the beginning of a new organism. Examining the processes of fission and fusion, which take place before gastrulation, provides strong evidence for when human life beings and therefore how it should be defined. Among the four dominant theories, regulative fission and fusion are the best explanations in terms of being the most consistent with the biological data. This explanation of twinning provides compelling evidence that fertilization is not a necessary condition for human generation, although it may be a sufficient condition. While fertilization generates the vast majority of human beings, additional human beings may rarely be generated during fission events.
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9. The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly: Volume > 21 > Issue: 4
Rev. Mannes Matous, OP Evaluating the Morality of Transplanting Gonads: Their Place in the Hierarchy of Organs and Effect on Identity
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When discussing the morality of gonad transplantation for procreative purposes, it can be tempting to examine the act solely qua reproductive technology. This paper, instead, compares the gonad to the kidney and evaluates the act qua organ transplantation. First, the author expounds a hierarchy of organs in relation to personal identity. Next, after considering an organ’s subjective effect on identity, the author elucidates an organ’s objective effect by ranking the powers of the soul and the goods of the human person. The hierarchy of organs shows the gonad to be among the highest organs and most perfective of the human person. Because of the gonad’s highly personal nature, it cannot licitly be directed to another’s good.
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10. The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly: Volume > 21 > Issue: 4
Christopher M. Reilly Preferential Option for the Poor and Critical Race Theory in Bioethics
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The preferential option for the poor is a concept and set of ideas in Catholic social teaching that is highly relevant to bioethics scholarship and practice. The option for the poor is mentioned frequently in the bioethics literature but with little specification of its history and implications for ethical and theological analysis. This article examines the origins and implications of the preferential option; compares it to critical race theory, which dominates current debates about discrimination and oppression; and proposes a set of principles for further application in bioethical scholarship and discussion.
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11. The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly: Volume > 21 > Issue: 4
Pope Pius XII Address to the Participants in the Tenth National Congress of the Italian Society of Plastic Surgeons
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notes & abstracts
12. The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly: Volume > 21 > Issue: 4
Kevin Wilger Science
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13. The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly: Volume > 21 > Issue: 4
John S. Sullivan Medicine
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14. The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly: Volume > 21 > Issue: 4
Christopher Kaczor Philosophy and Theology
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book reviews
15. The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly: Volume > 21 > Issue: 4
Mary Catherine Sommers A Greek Thomist: Providence in Gennadios Scholarios, by Matthew C. Briel
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16. The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly: Volume > 21 > Issue: 4
Thomas P. Sheahen A Fortunate Universe: Life in a Finely Tuned Cosmos, by Geraint F. Lewis and Luke A. Barnes
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17. The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly: Volume > 21 > Issue: 4
Brian Welter Anscombe’s Intention: A Guide, by John Schwenkler
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18. The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly: Volume > 21 > Issue: 3
Farr A. Curlin, Daniel P. Sulmasy In This Issue
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19. The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly: Volume > 21 > Issue: 3
Basil Cole Colloquy
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20. The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly: Volume > 21 > Issue: 3
William L. Saunders Washington Insider
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