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1. Process Studies: Volume > 50 > Issue: 1
Editor's Notes
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2. Process Studies: Volume > 50 > Issue: 1
Brecht Govaerts The Animacy of Stone: A Whiteheadian Perspective
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This article undertakes a critical analysis of the adoption of process metaphysics in the field of archaeology and anthropology for the explanation of animism. The field of "new animism" has adopted process metaphysics in order to counter the nineteenth-century definition of animism as epistemological projection toward animism as ontological condition. This shift from epistemology to ontology has the danger of equating animism with process metaphysics as such. By examining the category ofpropositional judgment within Whitehead's metaphysics, I argue that the condition of animism emerges through a judgment of truth, which is aesthetic. It is through Whitehead's integration of propositional judgment within his metaphysical system that one can understand that an ontological approach toward animism is not necessarily opposed to a refiective type of experience.
3. Process Studies: Volume > 50 > Issue: 1
Jiran Wang On Hartshorne's Creative Understanding of the Christian View of Love and Its Significance for Comparative Religious Studies
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Charles Hartshorne highlights sympathy as a core element of God's love that is undervalued in Christian theology. A detailed understanding of the relationship between loving God and loving others and loving others as oneself is developed based on God's sympathetic love. A comparison between Hartshorne's sympathetic love and Confucian empathetic ren is possible since both eliminate the estrangement between the subject loving and the subject loved and both expand love to others beyond the limited scope of love in human moral practice.
4. Process Studies: Volume > 50 > Issue: 1
Marc A. Pugliese Not with a Ten-Foot Pole?: A Mutually Enriching Dialogue Between Whitehead and Śaṅkara on Causation
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This article brings together Alfred North Whitehead and Śaṅkara, the eminent eighth-century teacher of Advaita Vedanta, in a dialogue on causation. After arguing that comparative philosophical encounter is possible, the article investigates how Whitehead might benefit Śaṅkara in his critique of the Buddhist doctrine of momentariness and how Śaṅkara may assist Whitehead in responding to criticisms of his own doctrine of causation and his critique of Hume.
5. Process Studies: Volume > 50 > Issue: 1
Brian Claude Macallan Freedom as a Centralizing Motif in the Work of Henri Bergson
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Contemporary debates on freedom traverse questions concerning metaphysics, the mind/body relationship, evolution, morality, and religion. Throughout his life, the French philosopher Henri Bergson dealt with these questions from the perspective of time, believing that spatializing these problems led to inadequate solutions. That freedom was a centralizing concern in his oeuvre can be demonstrated in the way he approached these questions in challenging determinism, materialism, mechanism, and finalism. Bergson studies, despite noting the importance of freedom for Bergson, have focussed on intuition and duration as his seminal contributions. Bergson himself never thematized freedom in any specific way, but by working with a positive conception of freedom, as a creation of the new within the fiow of duration, freedom can be seen as a centralizing motif in his work. By clarifying the nature of freedom and its centrality, the ground can be cleared for a Bergsonian intervention into contemporary debates on freedom.
6. Process Studies: Volume > 50 > Issue: 1
Noel Boulting The God of Religion and the God of Philosophy Debate Revisited: Hartshorne, Peirce, and Weil
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This article explores the relationship between "the God of religion" and "the God of philosophy" via four key concepts: existence, actuality, reality, and mystical experience. The exploration of these key concepts relies heavily on the thought of Charles Hartshorne, but it also relies on crucial insights from Charles Sanders Peirce and Simone Weil.
7. Process Studies: Volume > 50 > Issue: 1
Carey R. Carlson A Frequency Ratio Account of Temporal Atomism
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This article examines the time duration of individual occasions in the light of the discovery that temporal succession produces frequency ratios. The frequency ratios are used to define energy ratios and the quantum. The manifold and the common particles are constructed graphically using the arrows of time, with the mass-ratios of the particles derivable from the graphs. The formal reduction of physics to time compels us to adopt Whitehead's conception of the physical universe as occasions of experience engaged in temporal/causal succession. The relative duration of the constituent occasions of the particles are determined by their graphs. In the final section, a refined account of the mind-brain interaction sequence confirms the duration of a human occasion as one tenth of a second.
8. Process Studies: Volume > 50 > Issue: 1
Joel D. Daniels Strategically Opposing Injustice: A Feminist Approach to John Cobb's and James Cone's Theologies
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In this article, a proposal for Christian theology is constructed in relation to racial injustice. This proposal involves "strategic essentialism," which is informed by feminist theory. This proposal will be explored in light of the views of John Cobb and James Cone.
9. Process Studies: Volume > 50 > Issue: 1
Daniel Dombrowski Franklin Gamwell, On Metaphysical Necessity: Essays on God, the World, Morality, and Democracy
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10. Process Studies: Volume > 49 > Issue: 2
Roland Faber Whitehead's God and the Bahἄí Concept of the Manifestation of God
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This article continues a long history within process thought of multi-religious engagement and analysis of the concept of God. Specifically, this article will move beyond the classical "big five" religions of Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, and Buddhism so as to explore in detail the relationship between Whitehead's philosophy/theology and several thinkers and concepts in the Bahἄí faith, especially the concept of the "Manifestation" of God.
11. Process Studies: Volume > 49 > Issue: 2
Dwayne Schulz Progress and Civilization in Whitehead
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This article is an attempt to analyze and criticize, both positively and negatively. Whitehead's concept of progress. Whitehead's progressive cosmology is critically examined, as is the relationship between technology and moral progress. The fragility of progress is emphasized.
12. Process Studies: Volume > 49 > Issue: 2
J. Edward Hackett The Process-Oriented Conception of Truth in William James
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In this article, I argue that William Jamess concept of truth can be interpreted accurately if we pay attention to the radical empiricism that underlines the notion in all of James's later writings and if we also see radical empiricism as a type of process thought. When we acknowledge these two conditions, we can see how Cheryl Misak is mistaken in reinscribing subjectivism back into Jamess radical empiricism, which attempted to overcome the subject-object distinction in the first place. In reading James through radical empiricism qua process philosophy, then, the background assumptions of James are set into relief yielding a deeper and richer conception of truth.
13. Process Studies: Volume > 49 > Issue: 2
Hilan Bensusan The Road from Leibniz to Whitehead (and Beyond): Monadology and Process Philosophy
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This article is an attempt to compare the monadological multitude in Leibniz with Whitehead's view of process and the present. Some contemporary philosophers are considered (e.g., Levinas) in the effort to understand the monadologies of these two thinkers.
14. Process Studies: Volume > 49 > Issue: 2
Md. Abu Sayem Religious Perspectives on Environmental Issues: A Dialogue with John Cobb
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This article is a transcription of a dialogue between Mohammad Abu Sayem and John Cobb that took place on June 24, 2019. The major topic covered in the dialogue is the relationship between Cobb's environmental thought and theology.
15. Process Studies: Volume > 49 > Issue: 2
Bradford McCall Nygren and Oord on Love: A Critique
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This article offers a critique of Anders Nygrens influential theory of love, which radically distinguishes among ^ros, agape, and philm. By contrast, a defense is offered of Thomas Jay Oord's view, which I label "kenotically donated love" or "full-Oorded" love. Comparisons are developed of related biological relationships like mutualism, commensalism, and parasitism.
16. Process Studies: Volume > 49 > Issue: 1
Franklin I. Gamwell An Incoherence in Process and Reality
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The incoherence is between Whitehead’s definition of “speculative philosophy” in the first section of Process and Reality's opening chapter which defines metaphysics as transcendental and important moments in later chapters of the book, where he asserts that metaphysical formulations are generalizations of empirical or contingent features. In explicating this inconsistency, the article attends to Whitehead’s definition of metaphysical in distinction from cosmological features, his understandings of the “aeroplane” metaphor, the ontological principle, and especially the initial aim. The article argues that Whitehead’s account of these, and especially the initial aim, should be deleted from neoclassical metaphysics.
special focus section
17. Process Studies: Volume > 49 > Issue: 1
Ruslan Elistratov Does “Divine Hiddenness” Neutralize the Problem of Evil? Is Process Theodicy More Adequate?: A Constructive Process Critique of Paul Moser's Proposals
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This article critically engages Paul Moser’s “Divine Hiddenness Response” to the problem of evil—an approach to have recently come out of traditional free-will theism. I begin with identifying the initial common ground between Mosers thought and process theology that arguably coincides with what can be called the "Four Noble Truths of Christianity. ” Howevery when confronted with the problem of evil that threatens the credibility of these truths. Moser offers an epistemic strategy to address this threat without modifying the classical concept of omnipotence and without having a full-explanation theodicy. I will argue that, far from helping the situation, this approach exacerbates it and is therefore strongly undesirable. In addition, Moser’s assumption of the absence of an adequate theodicy is unjustified in light of the demonstrable merits of process theodicy in accomplishing what omnipotence-preserving approaches cannot do—defusing the defeaters to Christianity’s Four Noble Truths effectively. Thusy it is desirable andy in the absence of better optionsy epistemically obligatory that omnipotence be modified and replaced with a version of God’s perfect power that is more coherent and evidence-based, and is also in line with a significant strand within the Bible.
18. Process Studies: Volume > 49 > Issue: 1
Paul K. Moser Divine Power, Friendship, and Theodicy
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This article examines the kind of power available to a God worthy of worship, in connection with the prospect for a full theodicy for the world's suffering and evil. It portrays how such a God would seek to relate to people with uncoerced reconciliation to God as a gift having definite expectations of them. To that end, God would be elusive and hidden at times, including regarding ultimate purposes, to minimize the alienation of humans from God. We have no good reason to suppose that God would reveal divine purposes to humans in a way that gives them a full theodicy. Similarly, we have no good reason to acknowledge a certain kind of limitation in divine power over evil, but, given divine goodness, we would expect to have such a clear reason if God had such a limitation. The absence of the latter clear reason counts against a proposed full theodicy.
19. Process Studies: Volume > 49 > Issue: 1
Ruslan Elistratov Omnipotence Ruins Divine Friendship but Process Theology Saves It: Response to Paul Moser
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20. Process Studies: Volume > 49 > Issue: 1
Paul K. Moser Farewell to a Full Process Theodicy: Reply to Ruslan Elistratov
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