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1. Sententiae: Volume > 40 > Issue: 2
Сергій Секундант Orcid-ID
Sergii Secundan
Wolf and Eclecticism: From the Concept of an Open System to Systematic Intelligence
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The paper provides a comparative analysis of the programs of reforms of philosophy developed by Christian Wolff and the members of the Eclecticist school. It reveals the critical foundations of the concepts of the system by both schools and assesses the prospects of their further development. Although Wolff is often inconsistent, he is nevertheless closer to Descartes and Leibniz, and therefore to the Platonic tradition. The Eclecticists, on the other hand, are closer to the Peripatetic tradition, and therefore to empiricism. From the point of view of the history of philosophical methodology, Wolff’s program combines Cartesianism and the German tradition of methodical thinking (J. Jung, E. Weigel and Leibniz), which both were oriented towards mathematics. The Eclecticists, on the other hand, used the dialectical model, which they modernized by introducing the principle of historicism and applying it to the history of philosophy. When the program of the Eclecticists was guided by the critical selection of knowledge by members of the "scientific community" and the concept of an open system, Wolff’s synthesis of knowledge is carried out on the basis of a rigorous method. He puts forward a fundamentally new idea of a universal system based on new normative requirements for the system-forming principle - it must be fundamental, generally valid and immanent in the system of knowledge. Wolff does not reject the critical program of the Eclecticists; he tries to prove that the successful implementation of their program is possible only if there is a basic system of truths and a reliable method. In his treatise On the Difference Between Systematic and Non-systematic Intellect, Wolff laid the foundation of “systematic eclecticism” and “speculative criticism”, which was substantiated in the works by "classics of German idealism", primarily by C. L. Reinhold and Hegel.
2. Sententiae: Volume > 40 > Issue: 2
Анастасія Стрелкова Orcid-ID
Anastasia Strelkova
Three Concepts of Buddhist Philosophy: «Thought», «Mind», «Consciousness» (the problem of translation)
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This paper analyses the three main concepts of Buddhist philosophy of consciousness and considers the problem of their translation into Ukrainian. The author shows that it is necessary to compare the terms related to different Buddhist traditions’ (Pali, Sanskrit, Chinese and al.) in order to adequately translate them into modern languages. The analysis of a passage (II.34) from Vasubandhu’s Abhidharmakośa in various translations points out the necessity to translate a whole system of Buddhist terminology, but not the separate terms taken individually, in order to avoid the incompatibility of translated terms with each other.
3. Sententiae: Volume > 40 > Issue: 2
Ruta Marija Vabalaite Orcid-ID
Рута Марія Вабалайте
Між локальністю і глобальністю: проблеми історії філософії в Литві
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The article deals with the problem of the local and global significance of Lithuanian philosophy. We discuss questions related to the meaning of the very concept of Lithuanian philosophy and evaluation of its scope. A controversy whether to cover all philosophical works written in the territories of historical Lithuania or to include only the works of ethnic Lithuanians (or at least the works written in Lithuanian) is talked over. The problem of the priorities in determining the relevant sources of the history of philosophy in Lithuania is described by pointing to the complexity of an assessment as the importance of the text for the development of Lithuanian self-awareness or its social significance scarcely coincide with its impact on global philosophy. The question of the priority of the texts written in the national language versus the translations of the main heritage of Western philosophy is addressed. We proceed further with a description of the works and the authors related to Lithuania and at the same time relevant to the philosophy of Europe, or at least neighbouring countries. The characteristics of the creative opposition between Protestant and Counter-Reformation thinkers is given. Martinus Smiglecius book on Logics and the main figures in the reception of German classical philosophy are discussed. Finally, the philosophical aspects of Litvak Judaism and their research are referred to.


4. Sententiae: Volume > 40 > Issue: 2
Павло Бартусяк Orcid-ID
Pavlo Bartusiak
Deleuze’s Stoicism. Jonhson, R. J. (2020). Deleuze, a Stoic. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
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5. Sententiae: Volume > 40 > Issue: 2
Юрій Завгородній Orcid-ID
Yurii Zavhorodnii
Classical Indian Philosophy in the Oxford series "History of Philosophy without any Gaps"
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6. Sententiae: Volume > 40 > Issue: 2
Ігор Карівець Orcid-ID
Ihor Karivets
Deconstruction and Reconstruction of the Dhyāna Concept: Strategies and Perspectives
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7. Sententiae: Volume > 40 > Issue: 2
Олександр Корнієнко Orcid-ID
Olexandr Kornienko
In Search of Identity (Historical and Philosophical Analysis of Arab Thought)
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8. Sententiae: Volume > 40 > Issue: 2
Олег Хома Orcid-ID
Oleg Khoma
"Aristocratic Metaphysics" and Stereotypes
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9. Sententiae: Volume > 40 > Issue: 2
Віктор Козловський, Orcid-ID Ілля Давіденко, Orcid-ID Катерина Круглик, Orcid-ID Дар'я Попіль
Viktor Kozlovskyi
Hegel and Ukrainian Philosophy of the 70-80th. Part IІI
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Interview of Illia Davidenko, Kateryna Kruhlyk, Daria Popil with Viktor Kozlovskyi.
10. Sententiae: Volume > 40 > Issue: 2
Анатолій Лой, Orcid-ID Ілля Давіденко, Orcid-ID Ксенія Мирошник, Orcid-ID Дар’я Попіль Orcid-ID
Anatoly Loy
The Mind behind the Iron Curtain: Ukrainian Philosophy of the Late USSR and World Science
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Interview of Illia Davidenko, Kseniia Myroshnyk, Daria Popil with Anatoly Loy.
11. Sententiae: Volume > 40 > Issue: 2
Марія Кравчик Orcid-ID
Maria Kravchyk
First Session of a New Seminar on the History of Modern pPilosophy
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Report on the first session of the seminar “Philosophia perennis” (“Evolution of the concept of consciousness in modern philosophy”), organized by the journal Sententiae in collaboration with the Union of Researchers of Modern Philosophy (Pascal Society) and the Kant Society of Ukraine (August 10 -12, 2021, Odesa).