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Balkan Journal of Philosophy

Volume 5, Issue 1, 2013

21st-Century Metaphysics

Tina Röck
Pages 37-44
DOI: 10.5840/bjp20135116

The Multiple Future of Ontology

For centuries most ontological systems have been based on the presupposition that the paradigmatic type of being is the kind of being things like stones and houses have. But if one looks at the beginning of Philosophy, at the emergence of philosophic thought, this choice was not an obvious one. For the pre-Socratics and even for Plato and Aristotle it was not obvious that reality is composed out of static and distinct elements. In this paper I want to investigate the relationship between the static and the dynamic description of reality historically and systematically. I argue for the thesis that static ontologies are ultimately based on an analysis of predication and that dynamic ontologies are mainly based on an empirical or phenomenological investigation of singular and concrete reality.

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