American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly

Volume 76, Issue 4, Fall 2002


Mark Kulstad
Pages 671-690

Exploring Middle Ground
Was Leibniz’s Conception of God ever Spinozistic?

Robert M. Adams has recently and controversially discussed the question whether Leibniz’s conception of God was ever Spinozistic. His affirmative answer has been opposed by Christia Mercer but supported by the present author. In this paper the debate is briefly sketched as a preliminary to the presentation of a new middle position, one that incorporates elements of both of the opposing interpretations. Along the way, the paper discusses Leibniz’s interesting treatment of God as the one and the all, as both the unity and the multiplicity in the world, and as the key to universal harmony.