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Displaying: 11-20 of 1701 documents

book reviews
11. Environmental Ethics: Volume > 36 > Issue: 2
Seamus Carey, Elemental Philosophy: Earth, Air, Fire, Water as Environmental Ideas by David Macauley
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12. Environmental Ethics: Volume > 36 > Issue: 2
Benjamin Howe, Life on the Brink: Environmentalists Confront Overpopulation by Philip Cafaro and Eileen Crist, eds.
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13. Environmental Ethics: Volume > 36 > Issue: 2
Allen Thompson, Environmental Philosophy: From Theory to Practice
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14. Environmental Ethics: Volume > 36 > Issue: 2
Adam Shriver, Why Animals Matter: Animal Consciousness, Animal Welfare, and Human Well-Being by Marian Stamp Dawkins
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15. Environmental Ethics: Volume > 36 > Issue: 2
Melissa Clarke, A New Environmental Ethics: The Next Millennium for Life on Earth by Holmes Rolston, III
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16. Environmental Ethics: Volume > 36 > Issue: 1
News and Notes
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from the editor
17. Environmental Ethics: Volume > 36 > Issue: 1
Perspectives in African Environmental Ethics and Philosophy
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18. Environmental Ethics: Volume > 36 > Issue: 1
William Forbes, Kwame Badu Antwi-Boasiako, Ben Dixon, Some Fundamentals of Conservation in South and West Africa
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Aldo Leopold’s draft essay “Some Fundamentals of Conservation in the Southwest” from 1923 (first published in the introductory volume of Environmental Ethics in the 1979) shows that his initially expressed moral concerns were primary to his view of conservation. In addition, this early essay also challenged dominant perceptions of environmental degradation in the southwestern United States in the 1920s. For these reasons, it provides a framework for examining conservation as a moral issue in South and West Africa, especially in the nations of South Africa and Ghana, building on J. Baird Callicott’s summaries of Yoruba (Nigerian/West African) and San (southern African) environmental ethics in Earth’s Insights (1994). In the context of poverty, traditional community taboos may have already supplied the social norms of conservation that Leopold desired, but they are marginalized by modernization. As in Leopold’s essay, mainstream perceptions of environmental degradation viewed through the lens of political ecology suggest that international market forces may be more ecologically disruptive than traditional peasant agriculture. Land ethics similar to Leopold’s are implicit within the political philosophies of two of the regions’ most respected recent leaders, Nelson Mandela (South Africa), who promoted land reform, and Kwame Nkrumah (Ghana), who promoted pan-Africanism over neocolonialism. Community-based solutions to conservation issues illustrate the successes, failures, and the challenging complexity of modernization in these subregions.
19. Environmental Ethics: Volume > 36 > Issue: 1
Workineh Kelbessa, Can African Environmental Ethics Contribute to Environmental Policy in Africa?
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African policy makers have ignored indigenous environmental ethics. The relation between responsible use of the planet’s resources and ethics remains apparent in many cultural and social systems of traditional Africa. The local people have developed detailed interactive knowledge of the natural environment, and preserved biodiversity resources, which they have nurtured and developed since time immemorial. African environmental ethics is based on the worldviews of the African people, and can contribute to biodiversity conservation and environmental rehabilitation and protection. It can enlighten policy makers by providing a theoretical foundation for sustainable living. Furthermore, African environmental ethics can expose environmental injustice committed by different groups in Africa, and assist local communities to secure environmental justice and protect their environment. It can create awareness within countries and globally about the actions of transnational corporations, irresponsible countries, and local industries which damage the environment. African environmental ethics may also alert the African people to understand the long-range effects of environmental degradation that are beyond the purview of local people and understanding of which is otherwise unavailable. Modern environmental knowledge about global environmental problems will provide peasant farmers and pastoralists an opportunity to look at their own local concerns and issues within the context of a greater global perspective. Only by involving peasant farmers, pastoralists, and indigenous people at the grass-roots level will African policy makers have the political strength and will to implement serious changes needed to address serious environmental and developmental problems. If policy makers continue to neglect the major contributors to biodiversity conservation and environmentally friendly practices, environmental policies will not have significant impacts on development and environmental protection in Africa.
discussion papers
20. Environmental Ethics: Volume > 36 > Issue: 1
Kevin Gary Behrens, An African Relational Environmentalism and Moral Considerability
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There is a pervasive presumption that African thought is inherently anthropocentric and has little to contribute to environmental ethics. Against this view, a promising African environmentalism can be be found in a belief in a fundamental interrelatedness between natural objects. What establishes moral considerability on this African view is that entities are part of the interconnected web of life. This position accords moral standing to all living things, groups of living things, as well as inanimate natural entities. This view is not only plausible, but also theoretically appealing.