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articles
1. International Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 52 > Issue: 1
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2. International Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 52 > Issue: 1
Matthew T. Nowachek, On the Non-Bracketing of Fairy Tale in Paradox Discourse: Kierkegaard, the Analytic Tradition, and the Importance of Inclusivity
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Paradox is a complex notion that has assumed a diverse range of forms within philosophy, and Søren Kierkegaard contributes one of the more interesting variations by employing a fairy tale to introduce what he identifies as the absolute paradox of the Incarnation. Despite this, more recent discussion on paradox has given little attention to Kierkegaard and has largely bracketed out any interaction with paradox that does not fit within the general analytic framework. In this paper, I evaluate the different characterizations of paradox offered by Kierkegaard and representative thinkers in the analytic tradition. I argue that the non-bracketing of Kierkegaard’s fairy tale as a valid form of paradox discourse not only provides a fuller account of paradox but also offers a critique of the attempt to exclude any form of paradox from philosophical discussion that does not already conform to the restrictions of the analytic approach.
3. International Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 52 > Issue: 1
Keith G. Fennen, Descartes on Indeterminate Judgment and Great Deeds
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A critical examination of Descartes’s Passions of the Soul and Discourse on Method reveals that indeterminate judgments (judgments that do not involve certainty) play a fundamental role in the Cartesian corpus. The following paper establishes this claim and argues that such an analysis provides an avenue for understanding the relationship that Descartes envisions between his Discourse and its readers as well as for understanding his attempts to establish his new science. Finally, it argues that Descartes’s provocative claim in the Passions that generous souls are “naturally led to do great deeds” reveals an heroic and Aristotelian element not only in the Passions but also in Descartes’s own actions.
4. International Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 52 > Issue: 1
Daniel Werner, Myth and the Structure of Plato’s Euthyphro
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Moving beyond the piecemeal approach to the Euthyphro that has dominated much of the previous secondary literature, I aim in this article to understand the dialogue as an integrated whole. I argue that the question of myth underlies the philosophical and dialogical progression of the Euthyphro. It is an adherence to traditional myth that motivates each of Euthyphro’s definitions and that also accounts for their failure. The dialogue thus presents a broad criticism of traditional myth. But, as Socrates’s references to Daedalus and Proteus show, myth can have a positive role and can be used for philosophical purposes.
5. International Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 52 > Issue: 1
Otto Muck, S.J., J. M. Bochenski on the Rational Aspect of Weltanschauung
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J. M. Bochenski contributed to analytic philosophy of religion by investigating formal structures of religious belief and questions about its justification. Some of these features are not specific to religious convictions but are also characteristic of other kinds of worldview (Weltanschauung). In this article these features are developed as a philosophy of worldviews. Beyond any effort to give a psychological description or explanation of the content of a worldview, special attention needs to be paid to the rational core of one’s personal worldview, for this factor shows the potentialities and the limits of the arguments that can be used in dialogue. Such dialogue is important for the reasonable growth of anyone’s personal life-carrying convictions. It also helps in developing a respectful understanding of other worldviews and thus promotes cooperation.
6. International Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 52 > Issue: 1
Christopher V. Mirus, Aristotle on Beauty and Goodness in Nature
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In this article I provide a philosophical exposition of Aristotle’s claim that natural beings—precisely as beings—are intrinsically good and beautiful. The discussionattends to both living and non-living beings, and also explores the relation between Aristotle’s account of natural beauty, his teleology, and his ethics. I conclude by exploring three objections to Aristotle’s view: that many existing things are clearly bad; that the concepts “good” and “bad” apply only in relation to living things, being relevant to these not as beings but as alive; and finally, that things cannot be called good or bad in themselves, but only good or bad “for” an appropriate sort of agent. The discussion of these objections gives particular attention to the legacy of Hume’s fact-value distinction.
7. International Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 52 > Issue: 1
Yu Liu, Celebrating both Singularity and Commonality: The Exemplary Originality of the Kantian Genius
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Kant’s notion of genius and the related idea of exemplary originality in the Critique of Judgment have been read by Paul Guyer and Timothy Gould as implying azero-sum game in which all creative artists are willy-nilly patricidal in relation to their predecessors and suicidal in relation to their successors. By way of challenging this interesting but ultimately repugnant reading, and especially its modernist and postmodernist frame of reference, this essay takes a close look at Kant’s sustained interest in the monumental change of English garden design in the early eighteenth century and at the provocative implication of this hitherto generally overlooked interest for a radically different reading of Kant’s thoughts on the exemplary originality of genius.
book reviews
8. International Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 52 > Issue: 1
Margaret I. Hughes, Beauty and Being
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9. International Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 52 > Issue: 1
Dana Miller, The Cambridge History of Philosophy in Late Antiquity
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10. International Philosophical Quarterly: Volume > 52 > Issue: 1
Peter L. P. Simpson, God
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