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Sign Systems Studies

Volume 41, Issue 1, 2013

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Displaying: 1-10 of 21 documents


semiotics of language and culture
1. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 41 > Issue: 1
Han-liang Chang, Cassirer, Benveniste, and Peirce on deictics and “pronominal” communication
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For all his profound interest in Secondness and its manifestation in various kinds of indices, including deictics, Peirce rarely addresses the inter-pronominalrelationships. Whilst the American founder of semiotics would designate language as a whole to Thirdness, only within the larger framework of which deictics can work, the German philosopher Cassirer observes that “what characterizes the very first spatial terms that we find in language is their embracing of a defi nite ‘deictic’ function”. For Cassirer the significance of pronominals, especially the I-Thou relationship, lies in its impact on the development of spatial concept that lays the foundation of symbolic forms. It may look strange why the “designatives” of I, Thou, He, in Peirce’s own terms, so obvious in their categorial and empirical differentiation, should fail to be reduceable to the triad of Firstness, Secondness, and Thirdness. It is interesting, however, that in his 1906 correspondence with Lady Welby, Peirce should refer to the strange “Communicational Interpretant”, or “the Cominterpretant, which is a determination of that mind into which the minds of utterer and interpreter have to be fused in order that any communication should take place”. Peirce asserts that this communication of a Form, say, being in love, is made possible by sign. This paper discusses Peirce’s and Cassirer’s references to deictics or indexical sign, in particular, inter-personal relationships, in light of Benveniste’s concept of discourse, and probes into a possible subtext underlying the Peirce-Welby correspondence.
2. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 41 > Issue: 1
Han-liang Chang, Cassirer, Benveniste ja Peirce deiktikutest ja “asesõnalisest” kommunikatsioonist. Kokkuvõte
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3. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 41 > Issue: 1
Donna E. West, Cognitive and linguistic underpinnings of deixis am phantasma
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Th is inquiry outlines Karl Buhler’s three kinds of deixis, focusing particularly on his most advanced use – deixis am phantasma (deictics to refer to absentreferents). This use is of primary import to the semiosis of index, given the centrality of the object and the interpretant in changing the function of the indexical sign in ontogeny. Employing deictic signs to refer to absent objects (some of which are mental) constitutes a catalyst from more social, conventional, uses to more internal, imaginative, ones. Buhler’s analogy of mental objects as a “mimesis” serves as the genesis for the claim that static and more dynamic memories, fuelled by affect, drive deictics to refer to more dynamic objects and more dynamic interpretants, into more constructed realities. Peirce’s two types of objects and three types of interpretants complete Buhler’s deictic framework; they determine advances in deictic semiosis undeveloped by Buhler, and offer rationale for how it is that deictic use extends the semiosis of index.
4. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 41 > Issue: 1
Donna E. West, Познавательные и лингвистические подкрепления deixis am phantasma: семиотика Бюлера и Пирса. Резюме
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5. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 41 > Issue: 1
Donna E. West, Deixis am phantasma kognitiivsed ja lingvistilised tugipunktid: Bühleri ja Peirce’i semiootika. Kokkuvõte
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6. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 41 > Issue: 1
Małgorzata Haładewicz-Grzelak, Joanna Lubos-Kozieł, Boundary mechanisms in adverts from Silesian Catholic periodicals from the second half of the 19th and early 20th centuries
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The paper provides an empirical study of semiotic mechanisms of culture. We apply the methodology developed by the Tartu-Moscow School of Semiotics, building also on the criteria of boundary-work dynamics to examine a collected corpus of adverts appearing in Silesian Catholic periodicals (in Germanand in Polish) from the second half of the 19th and early 20th centuries. We discuss the cultural implications of the differences and similarities in German and Polish ads and propose functional explanations of the results in terms of the notion of boundary configurations in a region as a particular structuring of cultural codes. The two analytical axes are the social boundary implicated in the use of German vs. Polish on the parameter of ‘sacred’ (sacrum) reference, and the symbolic border in the use of Fraktur (German script) versus Antiqua (Latin script) (boundary objects).
7. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 41 > Issue: 1
Małgorzata Haładewicz-Grzelak, Joanna Lubos-Kozieł, Механизмы границы в католических рекламах Силезии сo второй половины 19 – начала 20 века. Резюме
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ecosemiotics
8. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 41 > Issue: 1
Jean-Claude Gens, Uexküll’s Kompositionslehre and Leopold’s “land ethic” in dialogue. On the concept of meaning
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Uexkull’s famous umwelt theory, which is simultaneously a theory of meaning, remains almost unknown in American environmental thought. Thepurpose of this article is to create a dialogue between the umwelt theory – a source of inspiration for biosemiotics – and one of the major figures of the environmental thought, namely Aldo Leopold. The interest of this dialogue lies in the fact that the environmental thought has much to gain by relying on Uexkull’s theory of meaning and, conversely, that Leopold’s land ethic is likely to extend Uexkull’s thought in terms of ethics.
9. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 41 > Issue: 1
Jean-Claude Gens, Uexkülli Kompositionslehre ja Leopoldi land ethic dialoogis. Tähenduse mõistest. Kokkuvõte
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10. Sign Systems Studies: Volume > 41 > Issue: 1
Jonathan Beever, Baudrillard’s simulated ecology
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Jean Baudrillard, the scholar and critic of postmodernity, struggled with questions of postmodern ontology: representation of the real through the semioticprocess of signification is threatened with the rise of simulacra, the simulated real. With this rise, seductive semiotic relationships between signs replace any traditional ontological representamen. This struggle has implications for environmentalism since the problems of contemporary environmental philosophy are rooted in problems with ontology. Hence the question of postmodern ecology: can the natural survive postmodern simulation? Baudrillard’s communicative analysis of semiotic postmodernity can both support and extend ecosemiotic theses in response to these questions, questions that must be answered in order to explore our paradoxical understandings of the natural and confirm an understanding of environmentalism for postmodernity. In this paper I will argue for the merit of a semiotic understanding of postmodernity, develop the idea of ecology in this context, and then compare Baudrillard’s approach to the contemporary development of ecosemiotics.