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dissertationes
1. Augustinianum: Volume > 54 > Issue: 1
Emanuela Prinzivalli, Lo studio della teologia dei Padri: Il Contesto Storico-Letterario
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Theology, and thus also patristic theology, requires an historical perspective in order to resolve issues in the context of secularization. This article illustrates the persistent suspicion with which theology views history, and the contribution that the historical method can offer to patristic theology.
2. Augustinianum: Volume > 54 > Issue: 1
Patricio De Navascués Benlloch, Policarpo e Ireneo nel frammento a Florino, CPG 1308 (Apud Eusebio, HE 5,20,4-8)
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This passage from Irenaeus’ Letter to Florinus (cf. Eus. Caes., HE 5, 20, 4-8) offers sufficient material for reflection on the patristic function within dogmatic theology, provided that we understand both Polycarp in the role of a Church Father standing in direct contact with the apostolic kerygma, and, at times, Irenaeus as a theologian reflecting on faith. We begin with the apostolic kerygma which Policarp first hears, learns and sets down clearly, then later recalls and transmits in harmony with faith and scripture. Irenaeus, for his part, carries out the role of theologian to the extent to which he listens to what was handed on attentively, commits it to memory, reflects upon it and then witnesses to it, moved by the grace of God. The language utilized by Irenaeus reveals reminiscences of the Platonic tradition, apropos of the function of memory and scripture (cf. Phaedrus) and of the Philonian tradition, apropos of the theological content of the biblical term to ruminate. The analysis undertaken offers a ground upon which to think about new relationships between dogmatic and patristic theologies, a question that can be developed in a later article.
3. Augustinianum: Volume > 54 > Issue: 1
Ilaria L.E. Ramelli, The Jesus Movement’s flight to Pella and the “Parting of the Ways”
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After a contextualisation concerning Pella in the Roman Decapolis and the Decapolis itself as the theatre of Jesus’ teaching, this essay analyses the question of the flight of many members of the Jesus movement to Pella during the conflict with the Romans in the Jewish War. I shall evaluate Eusebius’s piece of information and shall endeavour to connect it to the larger issue of the so-called “parting of the ways” between the Jesus movement (what became Christianity) and Judaism – or the construal of this “parting of ways” by early Christian authors. Special attention will be paid to some recent hypotheses and discoveries regarding the “parting of the ways”, which seem to reinforce my argument concerning the overall accuracy of Eusebius’s account of the flight to Pella and the probable role of the Romans in this move and in the “parting of the ways” itself.
4. Augustinianum: Volume > 54 > Issue: 1
Andrés Sáez Gutiérrez, La presencia de Cristo Desde La Creación Hasta La Encarnación Según el Peri Pascha de Melitón De Sardes
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Contemporary Christology in the twentieth century has rediscovered the mediation of Christ in creation, an aspect of faith attested to in the first Christian centuries. In this paper, we will attempt to go into detail about the mediating mission of the Son, applied in this case to the period from creation until incarnation, a period which contemporary systematic theology has investigated far less, except in a few exceptions, than it has in relation to creation itself. To do this, we have focused on the thought of an author from the second half of the second century: Melito of Sardis. In addition, the foreshadowing of the life of Christ before the incarnation; the activity of Christ from creation until incarnation; the suffering of the Logos throughout the history of Israel and the meaning of his presence in this period of historia salutis will be analysed.
5. Augustinianum: Volume > 54 > Issue: 1
Geoffrey D. Dunn, The Poverty of Melania the Younger and Pinianus
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Two literary sources, Palladius’ Historia Lausiaca and Gerontius’ Vita Melaniae, provide information about the ascetical activity of Melania the Younger and her husband Pinianus, two extremely wealthy aristocratic Romans in late antiquity. Peter Brown recently has sug-gested that they are to be seen as heroic individuals who embraced total renunciation of their possessions in contrast with the practice of regular expiatory almsgiving as recommended by Augustine of Hippo. This paper argues that while the generosity of their alms-giving was enormous and while Gerontius’ rhetorical objective was to portray them as engaging in total renunciation of riches, a careful reading of the texts reveals that much of their almsgiving came from their annual income and the sale or donation of some of their possessions, but that their income-generating capital investment in fixed assets like property was preserved, which enabled them to engage in acts of charity over a lengthy period of time. The only exception to this was their dispossession of property in Rome threat-ened by the presence of Alaric between 408 and 411 and other property in Spain and Gaul. Despite Melania’s preference for celi-bacy, frugal living and almsgiving, she and her husband remained wealthy individuals. Even their experiences in Africa, where Pinianus was nearly forced to become a presbyter in Hippo, much to Augustine’s embarrassment, indicates that they remained people of substance whose impressive and continual record of almsgiving gave them an authority in the local church that rivalled Augustine’s.
6. Augustinianum: Volume > 54 > Issue: 1
Rosa Mª Marina Sáez, Observaciones agustinianas sobre la metonimia y su Pervivencia en Algunos Textos Gramaticales Hispánicos
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In this paper the Augustinian concept of metonymy is analyzed through a commentary on de ciuitate Dei 11, 8 (CCSL 48, 327-328) and other parallel texts as well as their survival in some grammatical texts produced in Visigothic Spain. This study demonstrates the enormous influence of Augustine's thought in these texts, either through an indirect tradition, or through direct reading of his writings.
7. Augustinianum: Volume > 54 > Issue: 1
Jerome Lagouanere, L’Amour du Prochain dans les Premiers Commentaires Pauliniens d’Augustin d’Hippone
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In this paper, the Author examines how the Epistles of Paul, mainly his Epistles on Romans and on Galatians, have influenced Augustine when he tries to define love of neighbour. Thanks to a survey of exegetical commentaries of the Bishop of Hippo and a comparison with those of his predecessors, like Marius Victorinus or Ambro- siaster, and contemporaries, like Jerome, the Author shows in what ways the notion of neighbour in Augustine’s thought is original and must be understood in a cenobitic framework. As a consequence, the Augustinian notion of neighbour must be read in these exegetical works as both a soteriogical and an ecclesiological one.
8. Augustinianum: Volume > 54 > Issue: 1
Gerald Boersma, Participation in Christ: Psalm 118 in Ambrose and Augustine
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As bishops, both Augustine and Ambrose wrote sermons on Psalm 118 (119) towards the end of their lives. This article puts these two exegetical works in dialogue with each other by focusing on the common theological theme of participation operative in both commentaries. I argue that both Ambrose and Augustine present a Christological account of participation which functions as the basis of their respective ecclesiologies. Within this overarching Christological framework, the article notes that Ambrose grounds participation in the imago Dei, whereas Augustine’s takes his starting point from the grace Christ offers through the incarnation.
9. Augustinianum: Volume > 54 > Issue: 1
Claudio Moreschini, La Sapienza Pagana al Servizio Della Dottrina Trinitaria Secondo lo Pseudo Didimo di Alessandria
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From the perspective of concordism the pseudo-Didymean De Trinitate, offers many citations from philosophical and pagan religious literature, the purpose of which is to find confirmation of the truth revealed by Christ. This study shows how the most interesting among pagan poetry cited by Pseudo-Didymus aims to enrich the section of his work dedicated to the definition of God, the Trinitarian persons and their prerogatives, conveying a theology analogous to that developed by the Cappadocians.
10. Augustinianum: Volume > 54 > Issue: 1
Juan Antonio Cabrera Montero, La Cita Atanasiana del Apologeticum de Tribus Capitulis de Julián de Toledo
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Neither of the two existing critical editions of the Apologeticum de tribus capitulis succeeds in identifying a literal citation which its author, Julian of Toledo attributes to Athanasius of Alexandria and which is not found in either of the works, authentic or attributed, of the patriarch of Alexandria. After an analysis of the sources which Julian may have utilized in his polemic with the Roman see, we find the citation in the Contra Arianos, Sabellianos et Photinianos dialogus of Virgil of Tapso in a fictitious conversation that this African author of the fifth century establishes between Arius and Athanasius.